Full Project Title:
Strengthening Institutions, Regulations and Enforcement (SIRE) Capacities for Effective and Efficient Implementation of the National Implementation Plan (NIP) in China
Total Project Budget:
- State Environmental Protection Administration, Government of China (SEPA)
- Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO)
China signed the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in May 2001 and the National People’s Congress ratified the Convention in June 2004. The Convention entered into force in the country on 11 November 2004. The National Implementation Plan (NIP) of China has established a preliminary inventory of POPs chemicals, identified technical, regulatory and institutional barriers to Stockholm Convention implementation, and developed a series of national strategies and action plans through intensive consultations among national stakeholders and supported by international consultants. The NIP has already been endorsed by 13 relevant ministries, approved by the State Council and has been officially submitted to the Convention Secretariat on 18 April 2007, after which the final NIP document will serve as the overall guidelines for China in the implementation of the Convention.
In parallel to the NIP development, several thematic technical assistance projects are in different stages of planning and implementation that focuses on urgent reduction and elimination of intentionally produced POPs. These projects have initially focused on demonstration of alternative technology development for reduction and phase-out of intentionally produced POPs, with necessary efforts directed towards sectoral policy formulation and institutional strengthening in the specific project areas. However, the effective and efficient implementation of the NIP requires the creation of an overall enabling environment by addressing a cross-cutting and overarching regulatory and institutional issues in a systematic manner. For this reason, the proposed Full-sized Project has been prepared, endorsed by China's Ministry of Finance and approved by the GEF Council in June 2007. The project will carry out cross-cutting activities in regulatory and institutional strengthening that will be implemented according to the NIP by 2010 and will form a solid foundation for the future implementation of NIP activities after 2010, which will not and cannot be effectively undertaken by any other thematic projects. Non-crosscutting legislation and institutional strengthening activities are still envisaged in other projects where they allow increased cost-effectiveness and efficiency.
The project design is coherent with the priority actions/activities set in the NIP as essential and indispensable prerequisites for the smooth implementation of the Stockholm Convention in China. Furthermore, as an in-depth capacity building project, it will create a regulatory and institutional enabling environment that will greatly facilitate the cost-effective implementation of technical assistance projects of all bilateral and multilateral agencies and sustain the results of these projects.
Project design is also consistent with China’s 11th Five-Year Program (2006-2010), which will constitute the project baseline for project reviews and linkages with national development plans. Guidelines under the 11th Five-Year Program establish targets for “boosting the optimisation and upgrade of industrial structure”, “building up a resource-efficient and environment-friendly society”, and “promoting circular economy”. Developing synergies with these national development programs and plans can significantly facilitate Convention implementation. The Five-Year Program will also allow provision of strong support to the project by central and local government agencies and other stakeholders.