“Estamos comprometidos con un sistema financiero y de comercio multilateral abierto, equitativo, basado en normas, predecible y no discriminatorio”.
Declaración del Milenio
Globalization has emerged as the dominant feature of the world economy and is bound to retain this pre-eminence in the coming years. Trade has been recognized as a central element in industrial development strategies for some time. However, the liberalization of investment and trade regimes on their own do not ensure that much of the developing world benefits from global markets and achieves rapid economic growth. The 8th MDG on global partnership contains the important target to develop a trading system that is open, rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory.
For MDG8, UNIDO’s response is to actively foster value-addition, diversification of production away from a heavy reliance on commodities, and on capacity-building to meet the technical and business requirements of participation in trade. UNIDO thus works in partnership with others across the breadth of its activities, as well as addressing the key MDG targets of meeting the special needs of LDCs and, through its trade-capacity building activities. In this way, it helps partner countries to take advantage of the global trading system.
UNIDO implements the following activities directly related to MDG8:
• Industrial Policy, Business Environment and Institutional Support
• Agro-processing and Value Chain Development
• Sustainable Production in Poor Communities
• Technology Diffusion
• Promotion of Domestic Investment, FDI and Alliances
• Competitiveness Analysis and Trade-related Policies
• Enterprise Upgrading for Trade Enhancement
• Innovation Systems, Technology Management and Foresight
• Modernization of Export-oriented Agro-industries
• Corporate Social Responsibility for Market Integration
• Standards, Metrology, Testing and Conformity
Example of UNIDO project under MDG8:
Quality and Compliance infrastructure
The capacity of developing countries to comply with standards needs to be enhanced. ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and ISO 22000 are some of the system standards that exporters need to comply with if they want to enter many foreign markets. UNIDO has developed a comprehensive programme to help developing countries and economies in transition to overcome the shortcomings of their standards and conformity infrastructure.
The services offered for specific issues include: Establishment or strengthening of standardization bodies; Harmonization of standards at the national and regional level; Assistance to participation in regional and international standards-setting activities; Assistance in developing product conformity mark schemes.
Example of successful initiative in Egypt:
With support from the Italian government, UNIDO has established the Egyptian Traceability Center for Agro-Industrial exports (ETRACE). ETRACE provides technical assistance for food and quality safety to local growers, packers and traders, with a focus on traceability systems. Of the Centre’s many recent activities, the following may be highlighted:
• More than 1, 500 nationals attended training courses on food safety, traceability and standards. The training targeted representatives of firms, business associations, government institutions and NGOs
• 15 firms joined a programme to upgrade their traceability systems and a number of these will be helped to access funding for automated traceability systems
• Training workshops were held on the new ISO 22000 food safety standard for EOS experts and quality assurance managers of exporting firms. 10 firms embarked on the process to qualify for ISO 22000 certification. Of these, two acquired the certification and three more expected to receive it soon