Women Entrepreneurship Bolivia
In Bolivia the population's poverty is deepened by a high social inequality between urban and rural population, associated with the indigenous and non indigenous condition of people and based on gender discrimination. There are large groups of people in rural areas or in main cities' marginal areas living with less than 1 dollar a day. 90% of the three millions Bolivian rural inhabitants are living in conditions of poverty and marginalization. Poor people of rural areas not only are lacking revenues or food but also means for production, and exercise of citizenship.
It is estimated that in the poorest rural areas, women are in charge of 60% of the households because of the high rate of rural-urban migration of men. Despite their situation and the existence of a national regulatory framework for equity, women have scarce contact with the state, little participation in economic organizations, community government or state agencies.
Notwithstanding, rural families often find creative ways to generate incomes. It is expected that in the areas chosen for the implementation of the joint programme, more than 13.520 business initiatives will take place in the three years to come. But in the current context, most of these will fail.
- This programme is aimed at supporting and helping women and families' initiatives to develop productive patrimonial assets.
- To guarantee the effectiveness of the programme, the JP also makes very important the empowerment of the institutions concerned.
The issue dealt with by the JP is one of the highest priorities of the "Bolivia’s National Development Plan" and one of the instruments to be used is the Social Protection Programme, whose main component is the “Communities in Action” Programme. Moreover, the "Five Years Plan 2008-2012" of the "Vice Ministry of Gender and Generational issues" includes encouraging policies to productive initiatives and extension of a civic culture for the women concerned.