ECO-EFFICIENCY (CLEANER PRODUCTION) PROGRAMME
In 2008 a programme by the name of “Enhancing the Capacity of Turkey to Adapt to Climate Change”was strated as a United Nations Joint Programme.
The Eco-efficiency (Cleaner Production) Programme was implemented as an industrial component of the Joint Programme.
Within the extend of the Joint Programme, based on the view that adaptation within the industry to climate change can be procurable with the use of cleaner production and eco-efficiency applications, studies on adaptation within the industry have been made by UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) and TTGV (Technology Development Foundation of Turkey).
Since the year 1994, UNIDO has conducted the “Establisment of National Cleaner Production Centres” programme. The goal of the aforementioned programme, especially for developing countries, has been to disseminate environmentally friendly technology and to provide for the creation of capacity in this field by formig a bridge between competitive production and environmental requirements. To this day, “National Cleaner Production Centres” have been established in 47 different countries through this programme.
The development of the capacity for the subjects of industrial cleaner productions and eco-efficiency, the application of pilots in the Seyhan River Basin (Adana, Niğde, Kayeseri) and the dissemination of said pilots on a national basis are the aims of the Joint Programme in Turkey, which is within the scope of the UNIDO Eco-efficiency (Cleaner Production) Programme. In the Seyhan River Basin and in the many regions of Turkey in which climate change is going to have a direct effect, it has been predicted that the most significant result shall be the “reduction in the amount of available water”. Based on this prediction, the focus of the UNIDO Eco-efficiency Programme is “the reduction of water consumption in production”.
By taking the Seyhan River Basin as a base, it was determined that the primary sectors aimed towards economic and environmental (water consumption and other) criteria were “Food and Beverage”, “Textile and Leather”, “Chemical Materials and Productions” and “Metal Sheeting and Machinery Part Fabrication”.
The programme encompasses the following:
- Informative meetings devoted to concept and illustration applications of the “UNIDO Eco-efficiency Programme” along with “cleaner production” and “eco-efficiency” for relative institutions, foundations, industry representatives and project shareholders;
- Training for industrialists and experts;
- The implementation of the pilot projects of six eco-efficiency facilities (Primarly for water-savings) operating in the primary sectors found in the Seyhan River Basin;
- The dissemination of the results of the pilot projects;
- The establishment of an Information Centre which coordinates between eco-efficiency institutions on a national and international scale;
- The preparation of guidance documents for the implementation of eco-efficiency programmes within the primary sector and environmentally sound technologies and
- The establisment of a National Eco-Efficiency (Cleaner Production) Centre.
Thus, for the decrease in climate change’s influance on industry and for the adaption to climate change risks, the development of eco-efficiency and clenaer production preactices are sought, and in the policies of the industrial sector, changes involving prominent environmental gains with economic ones are expected.