The Integrated Programme in Senegal, Phase II (2004-2008)

Challenges to strengthen the Integrated Programme, Phase II

The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) and the Accelerated Growth Strategy (SCA) set ambitious targets to turn Senegal into an emerging economy within the next ten years. The PRSP/SCA aim requires long-term commitment of the local government and administration, the private sector, civil society and other development partners.

The achievement of these ambitious targets will also depend on projects established:

  • At sub regional level (West African Economic and Monetary Union, Economic Community of West African States)
  • At regional level (New Partnership for Africa’s Development /Initiative for the Reinforcement of the Productive Capacities in Africa, an initiative supported by UNIDO)
  • At international level (World Trade Organization, EU economic partnership/ African, Caribbean and Pacific countries)

Youth employment is a top priority for many countries in the sub region. Short-term solutions for youth unemployment and underemployment will be a major UNIDO concern in Senegal and in Africa, also to effectively fight illegal migration.
The global industrial supply capacities of the new giants of the South, such as China and India, play an important role in the strategic positioning of African countries.
In general, the role of productive and commercial capacities, and of adapted and dynamic industrialization constitutes the main development problems in African countries. African nations should develop competitive production and processing systems. Further, African countries should focus on employment and income generation. Diversified economic opportunities allow for a better life in dignity for peoples in Africa. Moreover, they can offer an acceptable future to the young generation, tempted by emigration.

In order to improve the business environment in Senegal, UNIDO’s support priorities will focus on the reinforcement of innovative tools and approaches developed in the first phase of the Integrated Programme 2 (IP 2):

  • Systematic reinforcement of productive and commercial capacities:
    • Better integration of the informal sector, of micro and small enterprises (MSEs) and of the formal productive sector
    • Application of the integrated approach, called the 3 Cs:
      • Competitiveness
      • Conformity to standards
      • Connection to global markets
    • Better recognition of environmental and energy commitments
    • Consideration of the local youth employment policy
  • Better integration of UNIDO’s services
    • To meet the needs of clients and partners
    • To generate a greater impact of UNIDO programmes
    • To reduce bureaucratic hurdles
  • Better integration of services also applies for other UN agencies
    • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
    • International Labour Organization (ILO),
    • United Nations Development Programme/United Nations Equipment Fund
    • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
    • International Chamber of Commerce
    • World Bank
    • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • Within the framework of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), UNIDO will strengthen its cooperation with these UN Agencies
  • For the period 2007-2011, the action plan was formulated in line with the UNDAF in the region of Tambacounda (UNDAF TAMBA)
  • Pilot approaches to improve industrial upgrading and the emergence of the modern MSE networks
    • To obtain economies of scales
    • To promote sustainable tools
    • To maximize the impact on wealth creation
    • To foster youth and women’s employment
  • However, the programme aims at strengthening existing IP 2 partnerships with:
    • French Development Agency (AfD)
    • European Union
    • Republic of Austria
    • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
    • ILO
  • Mobilization of further governmental financial resources

Main priorities of the IP 2 to promote industrialization and investment in the West African region:

  • Creation of a competitive and sustainable business environment
  • Improvement of entrepreneurial management
  • Improvement of living conditions
  • Promotion of economic and employment growth at local and national level