Africa Adaptation Programme
In many African countries, the impacts of climate change will affect all areas of human activity. If left unchallenged, climate change threatens to derail and even reverse development achievements on many fronts.
The causes and impacts of climate change are global in nature, however, vulnerable countries within the African continent are expected to bear the brunt of the effects, with the poorest communities facing the greatest challenges as they are the least able to adapt.
The Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) is supporting the governments of 20 African countries to achieve transformational change designed to shift climate change adaption planning and interventions from siloed, single-sector project approaches to a comprehensive, strategic approach characterized by multiple-sector integrated planning.
- Strengthening Kenya’s institutional and systematic capacity and leadership to address climate change risks and opportunities through a national approach to adaptation
- Increase the capacity of African governments to absorb climate change funding
AAP consists of three main components, namely, the national projects in the 20 participating countries, the Inter-Regional Technical Support Component based in Dakar, Senegal, and the Cross Practice Initiative comprising the key practice teams from UNDP Headquarters, New York.
These projects are being implemented through National Execution (NEX) arrange¬ments by the host government and the UNDP country office, which means that the projects are executed by the national authorities while the UNDP has an assisting role.
1. Dynamic, long-term planning mechanisms to manage the inherent uncertainties of climate change introduced
2. Leadership capacities and institutional frameworks to manage climate change risks and opportunities in an integrated manner at the local and national levels strengthened
3. Climate-resilient policies and measures implemented in priority sectors
4. Financing options to meet national adaptation costs expanded at the local, national, sub-regional, regional levels and international levels
5. Knowledge on adjusting national development processes to fully incorporate climate change risks and opportunities generated and shared across all levels
UNIDO has focused on pilot climate change adaptation energy interventions, policies and measures.
Component 1: Clean production of tea from micro-hydro for firewood substitution
In Kenya, there are over 100 tea factories that handle 15 million KG of green leaf or more. Every 300 KG of tea requires 1 m3 of firewood. To satisfy the demand for firewood, each factory must maintain over 300 Ha of prime land for firewood. Most of the wood is currently harvested from the forests. The aim of the project is to reduce the consumption of firewood at tea factories by empowering the community to generate electricity from micro hydro and selling it to the tea factory. The tea factory is required to commit to buying electricity from the community and reduce firewood consumption, while the community commits to reforestation especially in water catchments. 20KW of the electricity is also reserved for use by the community.
Component 2: Energy for water security
Climate change forces people to depend on tapped water. In Kenya, the greatest challenge faced by water companies is the cost of electricity for pumping water. The same water service companies also manage sewage plants, which is an energy resource that can be used for providing the electricity they lack. The aim of this project is to enhance access to piped water by providing free electricity for pumping water by generating electricity from the sewage plant and biogas and transmitting it to the water pumping station. We must also ensure that the water company commits to increased water accessibility
Component 3: Sustainability and household energy
70% of ALL energy in Kenya comes from firewood and charcoal. A further 67% of the energy for lighting comes from kerosene. The economic segments that are most vulnerable to climate change are those that depend on primary extraction e.g. agriculture, forestry and energy. The aim of this component is to provide energy alternatives for household cooking and lighting by establishing 3 CPCs with a focus on productive activities like LED lamp and green charcoal production using agricultural waste and invasive species (water hyacinth, prosopis juliflora e.t.c). The CPCs must provide significant diversification of livelihoods.