Cooperation and coordination activities
UNIDO’s traditional way of operating within the framework of an Integrated Industrial Development Programme has undergone profound changes and faced several challenges over the past years, stemming from the increasing need and will to coordinate and harmonize interventions with other UN agencies and development partners active in the United Republic of Tanzania.
These coordination mechanisms aim at enhancing effectiveness of delivered programmes, by, among others, avoiding duplication of efforts and by reducing transactions costs.
Coordination/harmonization efforts of UNIDO in Tanzania occur at the following levels:
In accordance with the principle of ownership and in an effort to align to government strategies, the objectives of UNIDO activities in Tanzania are consistent with goals as set up in the main government programmatic documents such as the MDG-based National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty, Mkukuta for mainland Tanzania and Mkuza for Zanzibar, as also informed by the aspirations of Tanzania’s Development Vision (Vision 2025).
At a global level these processes have been spurred by the following high-level initiatives:
Higher initiative level
- MDGs (2000): the Millennium Development Goals, as expressed in the UN Millennium Declaration, are time-bound targets, with a deadline of 2015, set up in September 2000 by the largest gathering of world leaders in history, committing their nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty. In Tanzania, the MDGs underlie the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty. (For more information, please see the UN Millenium Project.)
- Paris declaration (2005): it was adopted in 2005 by several the multilateral and bilateral donors, as well as partner countries, with the aim to harmonize their operational policies, procedures, and practices and to align their support with country-owned poverty reduction strategies or other development frameworks. In Tanzania, the Paris declaration had direct effects on the restructuring of the Development Partners Group (see more below) and spurred the "Delivering as One" pilot process in Tanzania. (For more information, please click here.)
Development Partner level
The commitment of bilateral and multilateral donors to the Rome and Paris Declarations on aid effectiveness has accelerated the harmonization efforts of the Development Partners Group (DPG) in Tanzania, leading among others, to the set up of a Joint Assistance Strategy for Tanzania (JAST), in order to deepen the impact of the relationship between GoT and its many development partners (DPs). The JAST is a national strategy for managing development cooperation assistance to Tanzania, keeping as the focus key objectives as outlined on page one.
The Development Partner Group (DPG) prepared a results-based Joint Programme Document (JPD), which is a framework to support harmonized programmatic efforts to achieve development outcomes, given the JAST aid environment. The UN participated in the development of the JPD to ensure that the UNDAF was well aligned to the overall DPG programmatic initiative.
UNIDO field office in Tanzania is active in the main coordinating DPG, and also takes part to several sectoral DPGs (e.g. private sector development), as relevant to the activities undertaken. This ensures the constant updating of initiatives carried out by partners and, when possible, their coordination, to enhance their effectiveness and impact.
- UNDAF already provides a coherent framework of priorities aligned to government strategies. The UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) is the UN's "Business Plan", which reflects how the 17 UN agencies active in the country plan to reach their objectives. UNIDO’s contribution to the UNDAF comes under the cluster on “wealth creation and empowerment”.
- "Delivering as One": The UN pilot initiative in Tanzania is developed on the basis of the UNDAF and thus also aligned to national strategies. The "Delivering as One" concept derives from the report of the same name, which was issued in November 2006 by the UN Secretary General's High Level Panel on System-wide Coherence. Upon request of the government, Tanzania became a UN reform pilot country in January 2007, after the UN Headquarters in New York endorsed the request.
UNIDO has been very active in the piloting process of UN reform in Tanzania, contributing to the structuring and implementation of main pillars, especially in the case of the One Programme.