Montreal Protocol Related Activities
The Montreal Protocol
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed by 24 countries and by the European Economic Community and entered into force on 1 January 1989. The treaty states that the Parties to the Montreal Protocol recognize that worldwide emissions of the ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) significantly deplete and otherwise modify the ozone layer in a manner that is likely to result in adverse effects on human and the environment. The principal aim of the Montreal Protocol is to protect the ozone layer by taking measures to control total global production and consumption of substances that deplete it, with the ultimate objective of eliminating them, based on development on scientific knowledge and technological information
Ongoing projects in Egypt
National Phase-out of Methyl Bromide in Horticulture and Commodities Fumigation (Phase I & II) - Total project budget: 5.6 million USD
The National Phase-out of Methyl Bromide is designed to phase out all non-critical use of Methyl Bromide (MB) which is used as a soil fumigant in the horticulture sector and is one of the ozone depleting substances. The project is covering melon, watermelon, tomatoes, peppers, strawberries, cut flowers, and herbs production in Egypt, whereby assisting the horticulture sector in applying alternatives to the use of methyl bromide such as solarization, chemical alternatives, bio-fumigation, grafting and soil-less applications. The project is also addressing the commodities fumigation for silo storage and open storage. The project is implemented by UNIDO in partnership with the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, Ministry of Environment and in cooperation with the Agriculture Research Center, and is funded by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
National Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) Phase-out plan. Budget: 3,100,000 USD
The objective of the National Phase out Plan for Egypt (NPP) is to assist the country to phase out the remaining consumption of CFC substances during the period 2005 – 2010. The total project budget is 3.1 million USD implemented over 5 tranches. The NPP contains a number of key elements including investment projects and non-investment elements. Investment projects are proposed to convert the remaining commercial refrigeration manufacturing companies and to retrofit a number of larger commercial and industrial refrigeration systems and chillers as part of a wider incentive and knowledge sharing scheme. The NPP also proposes additional investment in recovery and recycling equipment to supplement the existing refrigerant management plan. Non-investment elements include significantly enhancing the volume of trainers and technicians to be trained in the service sector and the establishment of more training centres. The NPP also calls for significant technical assistance activities to ensure proper coordination at a local and national level of all NPP activities. Currently, the fourth and fifth tranche is under implementation.
Phase-out of CFC Consumption in the Manufacture of Aerosol Metered Dose Inhalers Budget: 5,899,000 USD
The objectives of this project are (a) to phase-out the consumption of 163.1 ozone depleting potential tones of CFC 11, CFC 113*1, CFC 114 and CFC 12 used in the manufacture of Aerosol Metered Dose Inhalers (MDIs) in Egypt, and (b) to manage the transition from CFC based MDIs to CFC-free MDIs in the country. This involved the conversion to CFC free MDI manufacturing technology at Arab Drug Company (ADCO) and the Egyptian International Pharmaceutical Industries Co. (EIPICO), the manufacturers of aerosol MDIs in Egypt, and the dissemination of a National MDI Transition Strategy based on an awareness campaign to educate doctors prescribing MDIs on the timing and reasons for the transition from CFC MDIs to CFC-free MDIs.
Strategic Demonstration Project for Accelerated Conversion of CFC Chillers in Egypt (Project Budget for Egypt): 1 million USD
The project aims to replace 20 CFC based chillers operating at commercial, industrial and Governmental sites in Egypt. The project’s main objectives are: a) stimulating the market conditions to replace chillers by tackling the financial, technological and regulatory barriers to chillers replacement, and b) improving management of the CFC stockpile for meeting the servicing needs. The project proposes to coordinate inputs from engineering facilities and energy contracting providers, investors, financial institutions, government and private sector stakeholders in the region. This coordination will enable stakeholders to identify additional financial, technical and regulatory incentives in order to remove local barriers for chiller investments. Thus the demonstration project will provide a valuable contribution to innovative strategic elements for implementation of complete CFC phase out in the region.
Preparation of a HCFC Phase-out Management Plan. Budget: 195,000 USD
The project’s objective is developing Egypt’s strategy to achieve total phase-out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons and details of how Egypt would meet the freeze of 2013 and 10 ten percent reduction in 2015, with an estimate of related cost considerations and applying cost guidelines as they are developed.
Approved projects commencing in 2011
- Phase-out of HCFC-141B from the Manufacturing of Polyurethane Foam at Mondial Freezers Company, Budget: 436,300 USD
- Phase-out of HCFC-141B from the Manufacturing of Polyurethane Foam at Delta Electric Appliances, Budge: 422,740 USD
- Phase-out of HCFC-141B from the Manufacturing of Polyurethane Foam at El-Araby Co. for Engineering Industries