Full Project Title:
Development of a National Implementation Plan (NIP) in India as a first step to implement the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
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Counterparts: Ministry of Environment and Forests, India
The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), which was adopted in May 2001 with the objective of protecting human health and the environment from POPs, come into force on 17th May 2004. Parties to the Stockholm Convention are required to develop National Implementation Plans (NIPs) to demonstrate how their obligations to the Convention will be implemented. Each Party is to submit their NIP to the Conference of the Parties (COP) within two years of the date on which the Convention enters into force for the Party. India signed the Convention on 14 May 2002 and ratified it on 13 January 2006.
India recognizes its obligation, under Article 7 of the Convention, to develop and submit a NIP to the COP (Articles 7, 1a-b of the Convention). As such, India is committed to complete and deliver its NIP within the timetable set out in the Convention.
India invited the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) to act as the GEF Executing Agency with expanded opportunities for the development of the NIP and opted to undertake this work in two phases through the full GEF project cycle rather than by taking up the so-called 'Enabling Activities'. The GEF-funded, UNIDO-executed PDF-B project entitled “Development of a National Implementation Plan in India as a first step to implement the Stockholm Convention on POPs”, whose objective is to identify the requirements for developing the NIP through a preliminary assessment, was implemented during 2004 by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF) through the Industrial Toxicology Research Centre (ITRC), Lucknow. The Project Brief, which was approved by the GEF Council in June 2007, is the principal outcome of the preparatory phase project.
During the preparatory phase, GEF through UNIDO provided funding for a series of capacity building workshops to raise the awareness of national and state officials and industry to the requirements of the Stockholm Convention. These workshops were of particular assistance in the preparation of the project brief. A coordinating mechanism drawing together India’s international development partners was established to ensure that NIP development takes full advantage of the findings and experience of associated projects and programmes executed by intergovernmental organizations and bilateral donors. Studies on exposure and health impacts of POPs on living systems and of integrated approaches for the replacement of POPs, as well as further capacity building to improve the management of PCBs wastes and the assessment of sources, releases and pathways of unintentional by-products will be undertaken during the full project.
A series of five interactive workshops, one in each zone, were organized for representatives of national as well as the States and Union Territories’ infrastructure of Government institutions, commerce and industry, public and private testing laboratories, research institutes, enforcement entities, public health institutes, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other associations that are relevant to the implementation of the Stockholm Convention, to facilitate assessment of regulatory control, enforcement capacity, research and development, health and environmental risks and also assess capacity building needs.