Full Project Title:
Enabling activities for the development of a National Implementation Plan as a first step to implement the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
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Thematic area code:
Total Project Budget:
Counterparts: Swaziland Environment Authority (SEA)
The objective of this Enabling Activities proposal is to strengthen national capacity and to enhance knowledge and understanding amongst decision makers, managers, the industry, academia, green NGOs and the public at large on POPs to develop and formulate a National Implementation Plan (NIP) pursuant to Article 7 of the Stockholm Convention. By achieving this objective, Swaziland will meet the obligations of the Convention and be enabled to manage the reduction/elimination of POPs within the overreaching framework of the Strategic Approach of the International Chemicals Management (SAICM) adopted by the International Community in February 2006 as a global core element to implement Chapter 19 of Agenda 21. Specifically, the project will:
- Allow Swaziland to meet its reporting obligations under the Convention;
- Prepare the ground for the implementation of the Convention in Swaziland;
- Strengthen national capacity to manage POPs sources and releases while strengthening chemicals management capacity in general.
The Initial Guidelines for Enabling Activities for the Stockholm Convention on POPs (GEF/C.17/4, May 2001) and the guidance document prepared by UNEP and the World Bank, and adopted by the Conference of the Parties at its first meeting in 2005 (UNEP/POPS/COP.1/31 SC-1/12), recommend a step-wise process to be followed (Setting up of institutional arrangements and organizing the process; National situation analysis through preliminary inventories of POPs and preparing the National Chemical Profile; Priorities setting and Identification of the National Objectives; Preparation of specific Action Plans and Strategies including one on unintentionally produced POPs (UP-POPs) and Formulation of the NIP; National Endorsement of the NIP) in developing the National Implementation Plan. The steps are detailed by a sequence of activities. The main activities, which will be followed by Swaziland, are to:
- Identify participant stakeholders from the private sector, the public sector and civil society as well, set up institutional arrangements, define their roles and assign them responsibilities in view of the NIP development process and the further implementation of the Convention;
- Undertake preliminary inventories of sources and releases of POPs listed in Annexes A, B and C to the Convention;
- Develop nationally relevant Action Plans including one for the regular monitoring and reduction of releases of unintentional by-products; Article 5 of the Convention outlines some of the elements that should be included in this plan such as an inventory of current and projected releases, an assessment of enforcement capacity and adequacy of laws and policies to meet the obligations of by-products reduction of the Convention, and strategies to meet these obligations;
- Build capacity to meet reporting and monitoring requirements in compliance with Articles 15 and 16 of the Convention;
- Prepare a preliminary assessment of stockpiles of POPs and of waste products contaminated with POPs, and identify management options, including opportunities for disposal in the SADC regional context;
- Build capacity to enable the National Executing Agency (NEA) to organize and coordinate the project, which includes human resource development, training programs, equipment, etc.;
- Build capacity to assess the exposure of the human population and the environment to POPs (Art. 11);
- Build capacity to assess the need for the continuation of specific exemptions (DDT for Swaziland) and preparation of their reporting/extension (Article 4);
- Build capacity to identify and manage sites contaminated with POPs (Article 6);
- Support communication, education, information exchange, and raising awareness through multi-stakeholder participatory processes, as described in Articles 9 and 10; and
- Build capacity to understand and undertake targeted research, development and monitoring activities as per Article 11 of the Convention.
Project expected outcomes:
The main outcome of this project is the National Implementation Plan (NIP), which will be developed by following the above-mentioned five steps and appropriate activities. The NIP will namely serve as a framework for Swaziland to develop and implement in a participatory way priority policy and regulatory reforms, capacity building and investment programs, awareness raising among different stakeholders and dissemination of information on the integrated management of POPs, including best management practices. Additional meaningful outcomes expected are: availability of educated and skilled nationals in POPs management; national chemical profile; and enhanced knowledge of the POPs issue in the country. Also the project is expected to support the preparation of an investment project proposal by the Swaziland Electricity Board on the building of a national facility meeting international standards for a sound interim storage of used PCBs and their solid waste.