UNIDO as an active participant of the "Delivering as One" pilot in Tanzania
The coordination of UNIDO field office with other UN agencies in Tanzania has witnessed a significant acceleration in the past few years, following the progress of the UN reform. Indeed, Tanzania is one of the eight pilot countries of the UN reform.
Brief background on "Delivering as One" in Tanzania
The process leading to the “Delivering as One” initiative was spurred, among others, by the internationally recognized need (i.e. Paris Declaration) to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of delivered funds through better aid coordination.
In January 2007, the UN Headquarters in New York endorsed the request of the Government of Tanzania to become a UN reform pilot country. Since then, the Government and the UN have been working closely together to find out how the reform initiative can best be put into practice in Tanzania. Through the development of a single framework for the UN's activities in support of the Government's development priorities (in accordance with the Joint Assistance Strategy for Tanzania and with commitment to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness), UNIDO and the other members of the United Nations Development Group in Tanzania prepared "The UN Working Together in Tanzania - One UN Programme (2007 - 2008)" which was signed on 10 October 2007.
Among the practical recommendations included in the report was the setting up of "One UN" in Tanzania, based on the following four pi
Challenges from the UN reform for UNIDO field office
As a member of the UN Country Management Team (UNCT) in Tanzania, the Development Partners Group (DPG) and the various "One Programme" technical and operations working groups, UNIDO is proactively engaged in the pilot phase, contributing among others, to the development of an increasing number of initiatives within the framework of the ONE UN programme. The One Programme is aligned to the ongoing support programmes in the areas of trade capacity building, private sector development, renewable energy, food processing, industrial policies, and regional programmes that include Tanzania on generic pharmaceuticals, trade capacity building and global mercury abatement. The UNIDO field office in Tanzania.
In line with the rationale of the ONE UN reform, UNIDO concentrated its efforts where its contribution is complementary to the activities of other UN agencies and where it can enhance the added value and the effectiveness of the UN common efforts in Tanzania.
The UN reform brought significant challenges to the way UNIDO field office used to operate in Tanzania. Some among the most significant challenges a
- Meeting increase demand of coordination: the "Delivering as ONE" pilot initiative requires additional time from field staff to ensure, first, the inclusion of the proactive contribution from the field office and, second, to implement activities in coordination with UN partner agencies.
- Adapting UNIDO operating modalities to the new One UN framework: "Delivering as One' entails significant changes in the way UN agencies operate in the field. A certain degree of harmonization and alignment among business practices and procedures of UN agencies is required.
- Integrating activities in the One Programme: a new programming instrument is now in place together with traditional UNIDO’s Integrated Industrial Development Programme. The One Programme is complementary to ongoing UNIDO activities in the framework of the Integrated Programme (IP II, 2004-2007), stand alone projects like the sisal and mining sector support and trade capacity building programmes.
- A key challenge stems also from the need to fit activities funded from global and regional sources, such as from GEF and the European Union, into the country-defined Joint Programmes and to include these funds in the "One Budgetary Framework".