Cotton production has a long tradition in Turkey.The textile and clothing sector represents one of the largest industries in the country. Cotton yarn is the key driver of the Turkish textile and clothing industry. Clothing exports are still the driving force. The labour-intensive clothing industry requires only low investments. In contrast, investment requirements for textile subsectors, such as spinning, weaving, knitting, dyeing and finishing, are significantly higher.
In 1980, government strategies and policies (the so-called stability measures) focused on creating a globally competitive Turkish textile market through trade liberalization, the promotion of export-led development, dynamic economic structures, and inflation control. Trade liberalization measures facilitated the development of an export-oriented textile and clothing sector. The adopted stability measures led to a dramatic expansion of cotton-based textile exports. The clothing industry and the cotton-based textile sector became the leading industrial sectors in Turkey. Further, the stability measures included Free Trade Agreements with other countries and a Customs Union agreement with the European Union.
Currently, the Turkish textile and clothing industry focuses on value added products, thus reducing the production of basic cotton products. The local clothing industry emphasizes on new designs and fashion collections for the top end international apparel market.
Institutional Framework and Infrastructure for the Turkish textile and clothing sector: