World production in mining and utility sectors shows modest rise, says new UNIDO report
VIENNA, 16 July 2014 - Global production from activities relating to mining and utility sectors rose at a modest rate of 1.7 per cent in 2013, according to a report released today by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).
World Statistics on Mining and Utilities is a biennial publication of UNIDO which presents global statistics on mining and quarrying, electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning as well as water supply, sewerage and waste management.
In industrialized countries, the output from mining and utilities grew between 2008 and 2013 at an average annual rate of 1.3 per cent. The average growth in emerging and developing economies was estimated at 2.9 per cent.
Mining and utility sectors provide material and energy input to manufacturing. Recovery in manufacturing of industrialized economies has increased the demand of these inputs worldwide.
The combined contribution of these sectors was 5.6 per cent to global economy. Mining and quarrying produce goods through the extraction of minerals, such as coal and iron ore, petroleum and natural gas, as well as through the quarrying of stone, sand and other materials. Utilities are products, such as electric power, natural gas and water, which are supplied to consumers via permanent infrastructure, such as lines and pipes.
The gradual depletion of mineral resources has reduced the growth potential of mineral products in many countries. In industrialized countries, production in the mining and quarrying sector is decreasing, according to the report. However, mining and quarrying plays a dominant role in some developing economies of Africa and the Gulf region. The share of these sectors was more than 50 per cent in Angola, Equatorial Guinea and The Congo.
Mining activities in CIS countries, especially in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation, have gained higher growth in recent years. However, in terms of per capita value added from these sectors Qatar, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Norway and Brunei Darussalam top the ranks.
The production process in mining and utility sectors involves a huge infrastructural network of mines, structures, pipelines electricity mains, etc. Despite the higher production potentials and increasing demand in fuel and electricity in developing economies, industrialized countries account for 55 per cent of the world production of mining and utilities.
UNIDO maintains international industrial statistics database covering manufacturing and mining and utilities. Statistics on global manufacturing are presented in International Yearbook of Industrial Statistics.
World Statistics on Mining and Utilities 2014 is a joint publication of UNIDO and Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. ISBN 978 178347 795 1.
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UNIDO Chief Statistician