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Trade Standards Compliance Footprints

Import Rejection Analysis - Country Footprints

The Trade Standards Compliance Footprints (TSCFs) represent country fact sheets and are another element of UNIDO’s endeavor to disseminate the insights gained through its analysis of developing countries’ trade standards compliance challenges.

Each TSC Footprint gives a snapshot on economic, social and particularly trade-related facts for the country in question (for a more detailed explanation of the rationale and structure of the TSC Footprints, take a look at this brochure). While the emphasis is on indicators for trade standards compliance capacity derived from import rejection data, each TSC Footprint also presents some information on the country’s economic and social structure and poverty characteristics as well as on the trends, composition and direction of its agri-food exports. Broadly speaking, each TSC Footprint comprises four sections with the following logic:

  • The first section presents data on the country’s economic structure and some social indicators. This serves to complement the trade and rejection data and to shed light on the importance of the agri-food sector for the economy at large.  
  • The second section focuses on the trends and patterns of the country’s agri-food exports. This serves to give an idea of the importance of agri-food trade for economic activity in the country and to position the country as exporter in world markets. These trade data also help to contextualize the import rejection analysis that follows.
  • The third section aims at giving an indication of the country’s trade standards compliance performance and challenges. It focuses on the graphical presentation of findings from a detailed comparative analysis of import rejection data, first, for the agri-food sector in general and, second, for two key agri-food sub-sectors (fish and fishery products, and fruits and vegetables).
  • Following this presentation of patterns and trends in the rejections of a country’s agri-food exports over time and across markets and sub-sectors, the last section provides a detailed overview of the primary reasons for such import rejections, focusing on the fishery sector and the fruits and vegetables sector.

By offering such a quick overview, the TSC Footprints aim at policy makers and seek to provide them with a simple decision-making support tool to inform and guide their setting of priorities when it comes to trade capacity-building and investments in the development of their country’s quality and compliance infrastructure. In particular, the TSC Footprints allow for a comparison across countries and they enable trade standards stakeholders like policy makers, donor agencies, and technical cooperation organizations to benchmark a country’s trade standards compliance performance against that of its peers in the same region or income group.

In a first step, UNIDO has produced such TSC Footprints for a limited number of countries and focusing only on import rejection analysis (which provides just one of various perspectives on trade standards compliance challenges and capacity). As a consequence, the availability of such rejection data was the key criterion for selecting the countries so that this first series of TSC Footprints was established for those countries that have been most affected by agri-food import rejections during the past couple of years. Moreover, while the present collection also includes a few low-income and high-income countries, the focus is on middle-income economies.

TSC Footprints can be downloaded as a collection or individually for the following countries:

Argentina
Bangladesh
Brazil
Chile
China
Colombia
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Ethiopia
Fiji
Ghana
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
India
Indonesia
Iran
Jamaica
Jordan
Lebanon
Malaysia
Mexico
Morocco
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Republic of Korea
Russian Federation
Senegal
Singapore
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Syria
Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago
Turkey
Ukraine
Venezuela
Viet Nam

A collection of all TSC Footprints in one single document can be downloaded here