The project “Combating Living Resources Depletion and Coastal Area Degradation in the Guinea Current Large Marine Ecosystem” has a primary focus on the priority problems and issues identified by the 16 GCLME countries in a Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis that have led to unsustainable fisheries and use of other marine resources, as well as the degradation of marine and coastal ecosystems by human activities.
The countries of coverage are: Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone and Togo.
The long-term development goals of the project are:
- recover and sustain depleted fisheries;
- restore degraded habitats; and
- reduce land and ship-based pollution by establishing a regional management framework for sustainable use of living and non-living resources in the GCLME. Priority action areas include reversing coastal area degradation and living resources depletion, relying heavily on regional capacity building.
The project focuses on nine demonstration projects, designed to be replicable and intended to demonstrate how concrete actions can lead to dramatic improvements. Sustainability will derive from this improved capacity, strengthening of national and regional institutions, improvements in policy/legislative frameworks, and the demonstration of technologies and approaches that will lead to improved ecosystem status.
The project has five main components:
- finalize Strategic Action Program and develop sustainable financing mechanism for its implementation;
- recovery and sustainability of depleted fisheries and living marine resources including mariculture;
- planning for biodiversity conservation, restoration of degraded habitats and developing strategies for reducing coastal erosion;
- reduce land and sea-based pollution and improve water quality;
- regional coordination and institutional sustainability.