Rwanda is a landlocked country with few natural resources and minimal industry
Rwanda is a rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in (subsistence) agriculture. Its primary exports are coffee, tea, flowers and minerals, mainly Coltan, which is used in the manufacture of electronic, and communication devices (such as mobile phones). The main industries comprise cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles and cigarettes.
Under the Integrated Programme, UNIDO projects are under way.
The main projects are:
- One UN Programme for Rwanda - Capacity Building through technical assistance programs for mainly artisans in leather products development
- One UN Programme for Rwanda - Capacity Building in food processing for small producers and MSMES mainly through technical assistance programs
- Rural energy development: mini hydro demonstration projects - learning by doing promoting affordable approach to rural energy
The Integrated Programme for Capacity-Building to Enhance Industrial Recovery, Competitiveness and Sustainability, focuses on increasing the manufacturing capacity and improving the efficiency and profitability of selected enterprises.
Component I: Recovery of manufacturing capacity through enterprise rehabilitation and restructuring
Activities planned are oriented around an initial analysis of the restructuring needs of Rwandan industry and an audit of 30 selected enterprises. Measures aim to assist enterprises to implement restructuring recommendations, build national industrial restructuring capacities, revamp maintenance workshops and upgrade technical skills.
Component II: Institutional Capacity Building for small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) development with emphasis on women entrepreneurs
The activities foreseen under this component are intended to provide capacity-building assistance to the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Cooperatives (MINICOM), SME support institutions and women's business associations and cooperatives.
Component III: Capacity building for industrial policy
This component involves the creation of an industrial policy unit within MINICOM, the establishment of an industrial information system and strategic consultative group to assist in the collection, analysis and handling of industrial information and provides for support to the Government to formulate, implement, monitor and update industrial development policy.