The world’s Least Developed Countries are in a race to deliver global development goals by 2030. This new decade needs to usher in a new global partnership to close the divide. As the Istanbul Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries (IPoA) draws to a close in 2020, the Fifth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (LDC5) will take place in Doha, Qatar, from 23 to 27 January 2022, at the highest possible level, including Heads of State and Government.  The expected outcome of LDC5, a new 10-year programme of action for the LDCs, will be adopted at a critical time, falling within the last 10 years of implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sustainable Development Goals across the LDCs.  

At the LDC5 Conference, the international community is expected to:  

  • Undertake a comprehensive appraisal of the implementation of the IPoA;  
  • Mobilize additional international support measures and action in favour of LDCs; and  
  • Agree on a renewed partnership between LDCs and their development partners to overcome structural challenges, eradicate poverty, achieve internationally agreed development goals and enable graduation from the LDC category. 

Preparations for LDC5 involve national, regional and global reviews of all IPoA priorities by all major stakeholders. The Asia Pacific Regional Review will take place in Geneva, Switzerland, and virtual via Webex, on 30 August - 2 September 2021. The Asia-Pacific Regional Review is of critical importance as 12 out of 46 LDCs are located in the region. They are making considerable progress in their socio-economic development, particularly in reducing income poverty and investing in human resources and infrastructure, enabling most of the countries of this region to fulfill the criteria for graduation.

UNIDO assists LDCs through analytical and policy advisory services, institutional capacity building and technical cooperation activities to enhance the contribution of industry to national socio-economic progress. The Organization currently implements 183 technical cooperation projects for LDCs that reflect on its inclusive and sustainable industrial development priorities and their alignment with the Istanbul Plan of Action. UNIDO is actively participating in this year's Conference and its preparations. Find more information below.

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  • About the Asia Pacific Regional Review
  • Session 1
  • Side-event
  • Objectives

    The key objectives of the Asia-Pacific Regional Review are to:

    • Undertake a comprehensive appraisal of the implementation of the Istanbul Programme of Action in AsiaPacific LDCs, share best practices and lessons learned and identify obstacles and constraints encountered in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic;
    • Generate political momentum in favour of global partnerships for development to accelerate graduation and to make the graduation sustainable, irreversible and a steppingstone to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals;
    • Identify a unique set of vulnerabilities that they face and come up with concrete recommendations on specific measures, both ex-ante and ex-post, to address the challenges in a holistic and coherent manner;
    • Identify effective international and domestic policies in the light of the outcome of the appraisal as well as new and emerging challenges and opportunities and the means to address them;
    • Formulate specific recommendations on strategies and policy measures at the national, regional and global levels to build back better, and increase resilience from the impacts of COVID-19 and accelerate the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals by the Asia-Pacific LDCs.


    The participants will include Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Ministers of Finance/Planning, members of parliaments, and senior experts from all Asia-Pacific LDCs. Development partners, graduated countries, relevant UN entities, international financial institutions, regional development banks, the private sector, civil society, youth representatives and other stakeholders will also be invited to attend at the highest level possible.


    The five-day meeting will consist of an opening session, interactive panel discussions and a closing session. The panel discussions will comprise presentations by experts, including government representatives from LDCs, partner countries and development practitioners to be followed by interactive dialogues among all meeting participants, including representatives of Member States and other stakeholders.

    Expected outcome

    The outcome will be a ministerial declaration negotiated by the Asia-Pacific LDCs. It will feature a strengthened and renewed partnership between the least developed countries and their development partners. This declaration will make important contributions to the outcome of the Fifth UN Conference on LDCs and its ongoing preparatory process. The programme and other information about the Asia-Pacific Regional Review will be posted on the UN-OHRLLS website at https://www.un.org/ldc5/ The Asia-Pacific Regional Review meeting is organized with a generous contribution from the Government of Turkey.

    Register here.

    Find agenda here.

    The event concept note is available here.

  • What: Session 1 on "Ministerial dialogue on lessons learned in the implementation of the IPoA - challenges encountered and the way forward" 

    When: 30 August 2021 at 10:20 AM - 12:15 PM (CEST)


    Chaired by:

    • A. K. Abdul Momen, M.P.,​ Foreign Minister of Bangladesh (in person

    Keynote address:

    • Ciyong Zou, Managing Director, Directorate of Programmes, Partnerships and Field Coordination, UNIDO (virtual participation)  
    • Courtenay Rattray, Under-Secretary-General and High Representative for LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS (in person
    • Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Secretary of ESCAP (virtual participation)  


    • Kunal Sen, Director, United Nations University-World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) (virtual participation
    • Dame Meg Taylor, Member of CDP (virtual participation


    To join the event, please click here.

  • What: High-Level Webinar on "Productive capacities-induced structural transformation – On the road to “Graduation with Momentum”

    Organizers: The Governments of Bangladesh, Canada and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

    When: 30 August 2021 at 15:30 – 16:45 PM (CEST)

    Objective: The webinar aims to equip member States with a deeper understanding of the technical and substantive role that accelerating structural transformation through building, upgrading and maintaining productive capacities plays in laying the foundations for a sustained, inclusive and sustainable growth path for the LDCs and thereby achieve the SDGs. It aims to provide Geneva and New York-based member States’ delegations, UNCTAD experts and the wider UN community a space to come together and engage in a dialogue on innovative policies and strategies that will enable LDCs to “graduate with momentum”. It further aims to generate intergovernmental consensus on these issues, which will serve as inputs to both the fifteenth UNCTAD and LDC5 in support of the goal of realizing prosperity for all, and especially the LDCs.

    Key questions to be addressed:

    • What is the contribution of productive capacities to an inclusive process of structural transformation in the LDCs and their role in assuring “graduation with momentum”?
    • How can industrial policy and technological advancements be leveraged for the accelerated diversification and economic structural transformation of LDCs’ economies over the next decade?
    • Which policies, strategies and international support measures are needed to help centre the programme of action for LDCs for the decade 2022-2031 on the development and expansion of productive capacities in LDCs?


    Chaired by:

    • Rabab Fatima, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to the United Nations in New York

    Keynote address:

    • Courtenay Rattray, USG, UN High Representative for LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS
    • Isabelle Durant, Acting Secretary-General, UNCTAD


    • Victor Francisco Dos Santos Fernandes, Minister of Trade and Industry, Republic of Angola
    • Hiroshi Kuniyoshi, Deputy to the Director General, UNIDO
    • Faruque Hassan, President of the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) (tbc)
    • Fiona Tregenna, DST/NRF South African Research Chair in Industrial Development, University of Johannesburg


    To join the event, please register here.

    The event concept note is available here.

    Read the UNCTAD policy brief on productive capacities here.