Vienna International Centre, Conference Room C6, 7th Floor, C-Building
UNIDO Expert Group Meeting “Smart Mobility for Smart Cities”
Background and Rational:
In 2017, the transportation sector contributed to 24% of the direct CO2 emissions globally, with road vehicles (cars, trucks, buses and two-wheelers) accounting for 77% of the emissions attributable to the transport sector. To meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the 2030 development agenda, direct transport emissions must peak around 2020 and subsequently decrease by over 9% by 2030.
Addressing GHG emissions from the transport sector is also a critical challenge at the national and subnational level. Currently 55% of the global population is living in urban areas, and this percentage is expected to reach 68% by 2050, with the overwhelming majority of this growth happening in Asia and Africa. Proper planning and policy at the local level is necessary to enable the adoption of low carbon transport vehicles and infrastructure that supports their use.
By December 2018, the global sale of electric vehicles was approximately 2.1% of global vehicle sales with about 5 million cars now in the market in various countries. This number must reach at least 30% by 2030 and with an 80% adoption rate by 2050 in order to ensure that the transport sector contributes to the desired decarbonization of the global economy. Coupled with new, low-carbon sources of renewable energy, electric vehicles (EVs) are both efficient, low-carbon, and can improve grid reliability.
While piloting and scale up of smart mobility solutions is well underway, many policy and technology challenges need to be overcome for a mass scale deployment. These include urban and transport planning, energy supply and distribution infrastructure, and strengthening of automotive sector value chain to adopt integrated 4.0 technologies.
Within the sixth replenishment cycle of the Global Environment Facility, UNIDO has implemented programmes promoting electric mobility in China, South Africa and Malaysia. Over the past year, the demand for similar programmes from other member states has been increasing.
In order to address the growing member interest and support appropriate country-level initiatives, the Expert Group Meeting will aim to:
- Take stock of the state of the electric mobility market and the e-vehicle value chains, share best practices that are proving to be effective in the adoption of electric vehicles in various countries and outline the challenges preventing their uptake.
- Discuss the latest trends that are shaping the future of electric mobility today i.e. vehicle electrification, automation and shared mobility.
- Examine the lessons learned from the implementation of the UNIDO programmes in South Africa, China and Malaysia.
- Raise awareness on the topic of electric mobility amongst countries looking to implement new programmes.
Develop key recommendations for future UNIDO work in this area.
The Expert Group Meeting will enable discussions and dialogue on means to accelerate the deployment of electric mobility. The focus of the meeting will include topics related to the thematic areas of policy, technology and infrastructure as well as business models to support the deployment of infrastructure and vehicles. The constructive discussion of the thematic issues will lead to the identification of key elements that will enable UNIDO and the countries concerned to prepare strategies and programmes on electric mobility.
Find out the Event Agenda here
Find out the Concept Note here
Find out the Logistical Note here
Find out the Discussion Paper here