Eating foods exposed to toxaphene is the most probably way of exposure. Foods such as fish and shellfish or game animals such as raccoons taken in areas contaminated by toxaphene may experience somewhat higher intakes of toxaphene because those animals tend to concentrate toxaphene in their fatty tissues. People may also be exposed to toxaphene by eating contaminated soil or by inhaling contaminated air, especially near waste sites.
Infants may be exposed through breast milk and unborn children can be exposed through the mother's blood stream if she is exposed to toxaphene.
Once toxaphene enters the body, it rapidly spreads to all organs. Toxaphene is quickly broken down in the body and excreted in urine and faeces. Approximately 90% of the toxaphene is eliminated from the body within 24 to 36 hours after entering the body. However, studies in animals show that low levels of toxaphene may remain in fat for months.

Route of ExposureSymptomsFirst Aid
InhalationFresh air rest.
SkinMAY BE ABSORBED! Redness.Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
EyesRedness.First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
IngestionConvulsions. Dizziness. Nausea. Vomiting.Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest. Refer for medical attention.


Notes for ICSC Information

Decomposes near boiling point. Camphechlor is a reaction mixture of chlorinated camphenes containing 6769% chlorine. Use of this organochlorine pesticide should be discouraged except where there is no adequate alternative. Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties. Do NOT take working clothes home. Alltox ChemPhene M 5055 Clor Chem T590 Crestoxo Estonox FascoTerpene Geniphene Gyphene Hercules 3956 Melipex Penphene Phenacide Phenatox StrobaneT Toxakil Toxyphene Toxon 63 are trade names.

Structure formula of Toxaphene

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