Full Project Title:
Enabling activities to facilitate early action on the implementation of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in Angola
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Thematic area code:
Total Project Budget:
Counterparts: The Ministry of Urbanism and Environment of Angola
The objective of this Enabling Activities proposal is to strengthen national capacity and to enhance knowledge and understanding amongst decision makers, managers, the industry, the academia, the green NGOs and the public at large on POPs to develop and formulate a National Implementation Plan (NIP) pursuant to Article 7 of the Convention. By achieving this objective Angola will meet the obligations of the Stockholm Convention and be enabled to manage the reduction/elimination of POPs within the overreaching framework of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) adopted by the international community in February 2006 as a global core element to implement Chapter 19 of Agenda 21.
Annex B to the Guidelines for Enabling Activities for the Stockholm Convention on POPs recommends a step-wise process to be followed in developing and formulating the NIP. These five steps are detailed by a sequence of activities. The main activities, which will be performed by Angola, are to:
- Identify participant stakeholders from the public sector and the civil society as well, set up institutional arrangements, define their roles and assign them responsibilities in view of the implementation;
- Undertake preliminary national inventories of sources and releases of POPs listed in Annexes A, B and C to the Convention;
- Develop an Action Plan for the regular monitoring and reduction of releases of unintentional by-products; Article 5 of the Convention outlines some of the elements that should be included in this plan such as an inventory of current and projected releases, an assessment of enforcement capacity and adequacy of laws and policies to meet the obligations of by-products reduction of the Convention, and strategies to meet these obligations. Information, sensitisation, education and training are core activities suggested by the Convention;
- Build capacity and develop an Action Plan to report every five years on progress in phasing out PCBs as described in Annex I part II of the Convention under Article 3;
- Prepare a preliminary assessment of stockpiles of POPs and of waste products contaminated with POPs pursuant to Article 6, and identify management options, including opportunities for disposal;
- Build capacity to enable the National Executing Agency (NEA) to organize and coordinate the project, which includes human resource development, training programs, equipments, etc.
- Build capacity to report to the Conference of the Parties (COP) on total production, import and export and to participate to the evaluation of the effectiveness of the Convention, as per its Articles 15 and 16;
- Build capacity to assess the exposure of the human population and the environment to POPs;
- Build capacity to assess the need of continuation of specific exemptions and preparation of their reporting/extension as required under Article 4 of the Convention;
- Build capacity to identify sites contaminated by POPs;
- Support communication, information exchange, and raising awareness through multi-stakeholder participatory processes, as described in Articles 9 and 10; and
- Build capacity to undertake applied research to monitor POPs, identify and promote safer alternatives, locally suitable environmentally sound techniques for POPs disposal (Article 11), best available techniques (BAT) and best environmental practices (BEP) pursuant to Article 5.
Project expected outcomes:
The main outcome of this project will be the NIP, which will have been developed and formulated by following the stepwise process (Setting up of institutional arrangements and organizing the process; National situation analysis through preliminary inventories of POPs and updating of the chemical Profile; Priorities setting and identification of the national objectives; Preparation of specific Action Plans and Strategies and Formulation of the NIP; Nation Endorsement of the NIP) and appropriate activities. Additional expected outcomes are: availability of educated and skilled nationals in POPs; updated national chemical profile; and enhanced knowledge of the POPs issue in the country.