UNIDO and the One UN Programme in Tanzania
The United Republic of Tanzania UN country team, which is comprised of all resident heads of United Nations Agencies, has finalized a concept note with a road map on the pilot "One UN" in Tanzania. The team agreed that the "One Programme", among the four Ones (One Leader, One Budgetary Framework, One Office) proposed by the High-level panel Report on UN system-wide reform, would be the driving force of the “Delivering as One” initiative in Tanzania.
The One Programme in Tanzania has been launched as a 2-year (2007-2008) pilot initiative that will deliver achievable results in line with the UN’s comparative advantage. Lessons learnt during the pilot phase will inform the broadening of the One Programme in the subsequent phase (2009/2010). A comprehensive One UN Programme that replaces the UNDAF will be developed by 2011. Its building blocks are Joint Programmes. Currently 7 Joint programmes have been approved and are operational.
Currently UNIDO has activities planned for the following 3 Joint Programmes:
- JP1: Wealth Creation, Employment and Economic Empowerment
- JP5: Capacity Building Support to Zanzibar
- JP6.1: Managing Transition from Humanitarian Assistance to Sustainable development in Northwestern Tanzania
UNIDO field office in Tanzania is also taking part to discussions for the creation of new JPs (among others, education and environment) and for the reinforcement and additions to the approved ones.
UNIDO is one of the participating UN agencies involved in the implementation of the first Joint Programme addressing Wealth Creation, Employment and Economic Empowerment.
JP1 has been developed by ILO, UNDP, FAO, UNIDO, WFP, UNICEF, IFAD and UN Habitat and targets the promotion of rural and private-sector development with a particular focus on youth employment and rural livelihoods. This broad objective is especially in tune with UNIDO’s mandate.
The programme contributes mainly to the UNDAF Outcome 1, which is aligned to the outcome of the first cluster of the national Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy, MKUKUTA, namely:
Increased access to sustainable income opportunities, productive employment and food and nutrition security in the rural and urban areas by 2010.
The JP1 already identified a series of activities grouped together under the following three main objectives/outcomes:
- Strengthened institutional capacity to implement the national employment creation programme and to make employment and incomes central to national policies
- Strengthened capacity of Ministries, Departments and Government Agencies/ Local Government Authorities and other stakeholders to monitor and manage food and nutrition security
- Increased and equitable opportunities for decent work and rural livelihoods with improvement in agroproductivity, product quality and market access.
The role played by UNIDO is especially relevant for the achievement of the third outcome, with a particular emphasis on encouraging the private sector to create mechanisms that promote dialogue, facilitate improved businesses development and extension services to farmers, small and medium enterprises and producers, and foster effective mobilization of capabilities and resources.
Some of the activities envisaged to contribute to this goal are:
- Capacity building for the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Marketing (MITM) in coordinating dialogue between private and public sectors on industry and SME development
- Development of an industrial statistics system linked to the MITM masterplan and strategy
- Capacity building to Ministries, Departments and Agencies on quality and safety conformity assessment systems, and on value-chain upgrading
- P ilot demonstrations on use of ICT for improving agro-productivity and SME competitiveness
- Market promotion of SME products strengthening sub-contracting linkages with suppliers and consumer markets
- Upgrade of business information network
Most of these activities are implemented in the regions of Lindi and Mtwara (South-East) but they may be extended to the rest of country in the next years.
The fifth Joint Programme has a specific geographic focus on Zanzibar and targets the challenges faced by the separate Zanzibar Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty, popularly known by its Kiswahili acronym, MKUZA. It focuses on the reduction of poverty and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Differently from JP1, the One UN Programme in Zanzibar encompasses more areas (i.e. clusters), including the one targeted by JP1:
- Wealth Creation, Employment and Economic Empowerment
- Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Mortality and Improved Social Services
- National Capacity Development Management
UNIDO is particularly involved in developing activities contributing to the first, and to a less extent, to the third area.
Some of these are:
- SME development through value chain upgrading and market linkages especially for the tourism sector
- Training and consultative forum on investment monitoring for Zanzibar
- Institutional capacity building of private sector agencies and NGOs in selected African countries in supporting Women and Youth Entrepreneurship (WED/YED)
Similarly to JP5, JP6.1 has also a geographic focus, on North-Western Tanzania, characterized by the unique situation of having represented for decades a safe haven for hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing conflict in the neighbouring countries of Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Progress in achieving solutions for these refugees has resulted in a significant decline in the number of refugees living in Tanzania. As the refugees return to their home countries, the large-scale humanitarian operation to assist the refugees in Northwestern Tanzania is gradually downscaling.
Before the approval of the JP6.1, UNIDO and UNDP, UNICEF, FAO, WFP and UNHCR have been implementing a Human Security Programme since 2005. The latter is going to be completed by December 2007, and encompasses five main areas: strengthening local governance, reducing the threat from illicit small arms and light weapons, increasing food security, mitigating and reversing environmental degradation and providing complementary basic education to out of school youths.
Interventions supported by UNIDO include capacity building for local maintenance of rural technology, improved post-harvest handling, storage, food processing and value added agro products to enhance overall availability and access to food and incomes throughout the year. The interventions also target promotion of improved access to sustainable and renewable energy.
For the new joint programme, UNIDO and the other UN agencies, the Regional Government Authorities in the host region and stakeholders have outlined priority areas for the regional development in Kigoma and Kagera Regions. These priorities can be summarized as follows:
- Strengthening local governance: aimed at enhancing good governance by strengthening mechanisms in local governments, enhancing capacities for planning and managing projects, socio-economic data as well as budgeting.
- Mitigating and reversing environmental degradation by reducing environmental health security threats through protection of environmental assets, rehabilitation and improvement of existing water supply systems and sanitation.
- Providing complementary basic education to out of school youths to equip them with life and survival skills in addressing HIV/AIDS.
- Health: improved health status by ensuring access and services at village and community levels (such as village health centres, dispensaries, etc).
- Wealth Creation and economic empowerment: to reduce poverty levels through exploitation of the immense natural resources and potential strategic economic location of Kigoma and Kagera Regions. Assistance will be provided to farmers to link them to markets for their products and to equip them with skills to reduce post harvest losses and improve household food security.
UNIDO will focus on the last priority, building on activities developed during the implementation of the Human Security Programme.