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Cooperation Activities in China

South-South Cooperation Center

Background

In the current context of globalization, developing countries are faced with the twin challenges of withstanding competitive pressures for efficiency gains and achieving the global development agenda underpinned by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The potential of South-South cooperation serving as a driver of development effectiveness will need to be exploited in order for developing countries to benefit from each other’s development experiences in facing challenges and seizing opportunities in an internationally competitive environment.

In line with UN System Wide Initiatives of 23 December 2003 and the UNDP South-South Cooperation Framework (2005-2007), UNIDO has embarked on South-South Centres in the emerging economies of the South, with a view to fostering South-South cooperation in the sphere of industrial development. The programmatic activities of the South-South cooperation initiative will be fully in line with the Brussels Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), the Almaty Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing Countries, and the Barbados Programme of Action for Small Island Developing States (SIDS).

UNIDO, in its efforts to promote South-South cooperation as reflected in the deliberations of the thirty-first session of the Industrial Development Board (6-7 June 2006), the fortieth meeting of the Chairmen/Coordinators of the Group of 77 (8-9 June 2006), and the following discussions with counterparts and stakeholders, has agreed to establish UNIDO Centres for South-South cooperation in selected countries. In September 2006, the Director General led a UNIDO team to China to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Ministry of Commerce, Government of China, for establishing a UNIDO Centre for South-South Industrial Cooperation in Beijing, China. This project document is an immediate follow-up to the singing of the MOU on 11th September 2006, spelling out the modalities for establishing the Centre in collaboration with CICETE and earmarking the required funds for administrative and programmatic activities.

Objective

The objective of the Centre is to contribute to the industrial development and economic growth of developing countries by identifying and mobilizing the technical, financial, managerial, and other resources required for projects and programmes within the framework of South-South cooperation.

Strategy

The UNIDO Centre for South-South Industrial Cooperation will create a practical, institutional, and operational framework for South-South industrial development in partnership with relevant institutions, counterparts and stakeholders. The programmatic functions of the Centre will be in line with the Millennium Development Goals and the Brussels Programme of Action for the LDCs, contributing toward mutually beneficial partnerships providing regional cooperation and integration.

The strategy will specifically strengthen and facilitate:

  • The exchange of experience in industrial policy orientation, formulation, and implementation.
  • Institutional and enterprise networking for enhancing productive capacities, trade, technology, and investment flows.
  • The replication of best practices for poverty reduction through industrial development and grassroots innovations serving as rural growth impulses.

  • Strengthening of national and local innovation systems for using modern technology and enhancing domestic capacity building and adaptive capabilities to commercialize new knowledge.
  • Promotion of regional trade, investments, and regional integration.