Baseline Studies and Analysis

The TRTA/UNIDO programmed component undertook the following surveys and studies to determine the compliance challenges and constraints affecting exports from Pakistan with a view to instituting effective trade capacity building to alleviate the problem:

Pakistan’s agro-based exports and SPS compliance

The Doha Round has opened global trade opportunities for both the developed and developing countries. However, sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) issues have emerged as significant potential obstacles as other trade policy barriers are reduced under the WTO regime. Hence, the World Bank and UNIDO agreed with the Government of Pakistan to carry out a diagnostic exercise to identify problems, discuss policy options and propose priorities for public and private sector actions as well as regulatory and institutional adjustments for managing SPS standards.

Consequently, the World Bank and UNIDO joined their forces and produced, as joint product of the two institutions, a report entitled Pakistan’s Agro-based Exports and SPS Compliance focusing on horticultural products, fisheries and meat/livestock. UNIDO did the fisheries section of the report as well as other parts relevant to the fisheries sector. Download (PDF 2 MB)

Trade related challenges facing exporters in Pakistan

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) in cooperation with the Federation of Pakistan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FPCCI) initiated the survey on Trade Related Challenges Facing Exporters in Pakistan. The main purpose of the survey was to identify the constraints faced by Pakistani exporters in meeting technical requirements of foreign markets, and focused on the four major export sectors of textile, leather, fisheries and agro-food processing.  The survey covered 157 selected enterprises in all regions of Pakistan and was undertaken by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE).

The draft survey report was reviewed in cooperation with the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada and finalized by PIDE.  The report entitled Trade Related Challenges Facing Exporters in Pakistan was published in April 2007.  The report analyzes the exporting behavior of firms and the challenges pertaining to supply side, standards capacity and trading policy.  It then provides possible options to alleviate them. Download (PDF 2.7 MB)

Compliance issues affecting enterprise cluster in Punjab Province of Pakistan

UNIDO in collaboration with the Pakistani Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) and the UNIDO Cluster Development Programme initiated a cluster-based study aimed at identifying the needs of the following clusters in the Punjab region in addressing quality and conformity assessment issues and requirements:

  • Textile Cluster (Faisalabad)
  • Garments Cluster (Lahore)
  • Fan Cluster (Gujranwala)
  • Cutlery Cluster (Wazirabad)
  • Sporting Goods Cluster (Sialkot)
  • Mangoes Cluster (Multan)
  • Tangerine Cluster (Sargodha)

The study was completed and the report entitled Compliance Issues Affecting Enterprise Clusters in Punjab Province of Pakistan was published in August 2007. The main recommendations of the study pointed out the importance of creating awareness amongst exporters, value realization through branding, strengthening of sector specific laboratory infrastructure, specifically in the Mango (Multan), Cutlery (Wazirabad) and Tangerine (Sargodha) clusters, and disseminating information on the role and support to be provided by Government institutions such as PSQCA, PNAC, PCSIR, NPSL, PARC in meeting foreign buyers compliance requirements. The report also emphasized the relevance of facilitating timely access to testing, calibration and certification services and upgrading local safety and product performance standards to bring them at par to international requirements. Download (PDF 2.3 MB)