Food Security in Northwestern Tanzania
Introduction and Background
The Human Security Programme (HSP) is a joint response of the UN in Tanzania aimed at empowering the refugee hosting communities in the Northwestern regions of Kigoma and Kagera to manage the impacts of repatriation of refugees on security and economic development. The programme promotes use of the humanitarian resource capacities existing in the region to support sustainable development.
One of the three components of the HSP jointly supported by UNIDO, FAO and WFP is on improving food security. The objective is to reduce the vulnerability of communities to food insecurity, low incomes and environmental degradation.
UNIDO HSP Interventions in Northwestern Tanzania
Interventions supported by UNIDO include capacity building for local maintenance of rural technology, improved post-harvest handling, storage, food processing and value added agro products to enhance overall availability and access to food and incomes throughout the year. The interventions also target promotion of improved access to sustainable and renewable energy.
Within the joint programme, UNIDO together with Regional Authorities, UNDP, FAO and WFP, carried out preliminary assessments on the potential for installation of pilot food processing and renewable energy technology options for the region in 2006.
- To-date, the joint efforts of Government, local CSOs and UN agencies have resulted in the establishment of a pilot small-scale food processing training and demonstration centre in Kibirizi with a Solar Hybrid Drier for drying of various food products like sardines (dagaa), fruits and vegetables.
- A "VitaGoat" manual food-processing unit has also been installed suited for micro-scale processing of juices, sauces and pastes and not requiring electricity to operate. With this technology, local communities are able to process soya bean to soya milk which is a high nutrition and high value product.
- In addition, preparations are underway for the installation of up-graded processing facilities for Palm oil and also for meeting rural energy requirements through the use of biofuels derived from palm oil and agro-processing wastes.
Planned Future Activities
- Establishment of upgraded pilot Palm oil processing facilities at Kiganza village in Kigoma for production of high quality palm oil;
- Introduction of demonstration technology for utilizing palm oil as fuel-stock for running 8kW electricity Gensets for rural productive activities;
- Establishment of small-scale agro-processing units in ten villages in Kasulu, Kibondo, Kigoma, Karagwe and Ngara districts;
- Introduction of a rural technology enhancement and maintenance scheme, in collaboration with SIDO Kigoma.