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UNIDO Montreal Protocol Milestones

  • Establishment of UNIDO: UNIDO is established to promote and accelerate the industrialization of developing countries.

  • Vienna Convention: The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer is established, after scientists detect a hole in the ozone layer.

  • Montreal Protocol: The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is universally adopted. 197 parties agree to phase out ozone depleting substances (ODS).

  • Multilateral Fund: The Multilateral Fund (MLF) is established to finance the implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

  • Global Environment Facility: The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is established to address the Earth’s most pressing environmental problems.

  • UNIDO and the MLF: UNIDO becomes an implementing agency of the MLF. UNIDO goes on to implement MLF-funded projects in support of ozone protection and climate action in 106 countries.

  • UNIDO and the GEF: UNIDO becomes an implementing agency of the GEF. UNIDO goes on to implement a diverse portfolio of GEF-funded projects including ODS waste management, energy efficiency and sustainable cold chains.

  • Climate and Clean Air Coalition: Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) is launched to improve air quality and protect the climate, through reductions of short-lived climate pollutants.

  • Lima Declaration: UNIDO Member States adopt the Lima Declaration on Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development.

  • UNIDO and CCAC: UNIDO launches its first CCAC-funded project to phase-down HFCs, in support of global climate action.

  • 2030 Agenda: UN Member States adopt the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

  • Paris Agreement: The Paris Agreement is adopted to combat climate change and support countries in adapting to its effects.

    • Kigali Amendment: The Parties to the Montreal Protocol agree to phase-down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), increasing the scope from ozone protection to climate action.
  • Kigali Cooling Efficiency Programme: Kigali Cooling Efficiency Programme (K-CEP) is launched to support the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol and drive clean cooling solutions for all.

  • UNIDO and K-CEP: UNIDO launches its first K-CEP funded project to improve energy efficiency in refrigeration and catalyse the HFC phase-down.

  • Abu Dhabi Declaration: UNIDO Member States adopt the Abu Dhabi Declaration, pledging their unwavering support to poverty eradication and climate change mitigation through inclusive and sustainable industrial development.