Youth Entrepreneurship Development - Malakal VTC

In line with an Industrial Agenda for Poverty Relief and Transition to Sustainable Development and the Component Strategy to develop vocational training skills for technology acquisition and entrepreneurship competence at the Micro and Small Enterprise (MSE) level, this project is to build on the previous YED project at the MVTC, that has focused on the physical rehabilitation of the centre and the provision of market-oriented new trades/equipment and training of trainers in technical and entrepreneurial skills. Three areas of intervention and upgrading have been requested by the GoSS, related to infra structural support, equipment and technology, as wells as capacity building at several levels.

Therefore, the focus of this project extension phase consists of the following:

1. Further upgrading of the physical infrastructure, which includes technical workshops and training halls, sanitation/water/piping/cabling, and ICT training facilities.

2. Equipment provision and technology acquisition. It is planned to further complete and upgrade the equipment of selected sectors, such as food processing, welding, carpentry and building/construction. The project will look into addressing the energy issue focusing on renewable energy resources.

3. Services for capacity building VTC/YED: use of a “bottom-up growth strategy” in demand-oriented short and long-term training at several levels such as VTC management, instructors, and direct training of trainees to build a private sector/entrepreneurial culture with skilled human resources, craftsmanship, administrative, institutional and productive aspects and linking potential entrepreneurs to market opportunities and job potential in a peace building environment. Business development and incubation services are to be introduced. Furthermore, advisory services will be provided to the MoLPS&HRD and the MVTC with competency building for management and staff.

This project is to develop sustainable livelihoods and create productive employment opportunities through micro and small enterprise (MSE) support for young persons, including women, with the provision of vocational and technical skills training by taking a demand-oriented approach to support an industrial culture for value-addition in a post–conflict economy in Southern Sudan. A holistic approach for entrepreneurship development will be pursued by the project.

As to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) #1, #3, and #8, with a focus on target #16 (Productive Work for Youth) and target #18 (Private Sector Development), the Sudan Integrated Programme Development Strategy and its Contingency Plan, the project intends to improve the overall socio-economic standards of living of young persons, including women and those young displaced persons due to the consequences of war, through technology acquisition for small enterprise development.

Overall, the project is to contribute to sustainable development through the strengthening of existing institutional capacities and training facilities in the MVTC, in order to increase (self) employment options, entrepreneurial competence and productivity to support enterprise development and growth in local communities. It is foreseen that technical vocational training combined with entrepreneurship development/job creation will aim at least 2,000 beneficiaries, through both short-term training (ranging from two weeks to six months) and three-year programmes. Through the training programmes for the creation of MSE businesses, approximately 500 trainees will be engaged in sustainable productive (self-) employment activities by the end of December 2009, approximately 30% of these being women.


Frequently Asked Questions

What is a VTC?
VTC stands for 'Vocational Training Centre' supporting Youth Entrepreneurship Development (YED). These are centres where youth and young adults, both men and women can obtain training or improve their skills in technical subjects, therefore increasing their employability and entrepreneurial potential. Training offered at the centres will incorporate the Competency based Training (CBT) approach, a new modular approach which is more cost effective in the long run. 

What is the  concept behind VTCs?
Through the institutional competency building of VTCs as well as by stressing industrial relevance and dimensions of skills development, UNIDO aims to expand and enhance training services available to youth and women. The objectives are to improve employability, foster an entrepreneurial mindset and environment in addition to creating market driven job opportunities, which in turn can contribute to poverty reduction.  UNIDO's entrepreneurship development programme provides the trainees with relevant entrepreneurial competencies to engage in different technical sectors. The trainees' personal attitudes, behaviours, technical skills and knowledge are providing them with a competitive edge to engage in the workforce with greater employability as prospective entrepreneurs. Training for Youth Entrepreneurship Development (YED) or Women Entrepreneurship Development (WED) encompasses a holistic approach for opportunity driven entrepreneurship. 

What services  are offered?
The centres offer market-oriented vocational and entrepreneurial training in various disciplines and or technical sectors, namely:

  •      Metalwork & welding design 
  •      Building & construction
  •      Wood work
  •      Auto-mechanics
  •      Information Technology
  •      Electrical engineering
  •      Food processing

These skills contribute to the quality of life of the local community by (1) fostering a productive culture and an industrial mindset of adding value to the community through service provision, and by (2) developing the skills and knowledge of men and women to become an employable workforce and/or business owners with the relevant  technical  and  entrepreneurial competence.

The VTC promotes a training-cum-production methodology to facilitate application of entrepreneurship in technical sectors. The training is geared to foster a greater entrepreneurial and market oriented mindset through practicing with real-life commercial orders and on the job training.

What is Youth Entrepreneurship Development (YED)?
YED provides a solid base for human resource development and is a driving force for socio-economic development and growth. It is a major window of opportunity for self-employment generation and enterprise creation using technical skills.

Who is able to  access the services offered at the VTC?
Youth, women, and vulnerable groups, i.e. Disarmed, Demobilized and Reintegrated Ex-Combatants (DDRs), and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).

How long does  the training last?
The current regular traditional curriculum consists of certified 3-year course programmes. However, UNIDO through   the projects implemented in Sudan is promoting a more market-oriented approach by promoting certified short modular courses and Competency-Based Training (CBT).

How is the  training structured in terms of time?
See previous

How flexible are  the services offered to the needs of female students?
UNIDO is fully supporting gender parity in enrolling and the set-up of the VTCs. In addition short courses are offered therefore facilitating the full participation of women. 

Is there an age  limit for receiving training at a VTC?
15 years of age and above 

What basic  skills do I need to attend training at the VTC?
To be able to fully benefit from the training trainees must at minimum have attended primary school and be fully literate. The training offered is not geared at developing blue-collar or manual jobs, but more at bringing an innovative edge to a technical skills set crucial for the set up of Micro and Small Enterprises.

Are there any  costs involved with working at a VTC?
The trainees in the regular 3-year programme pay a fee of $60 USD per year. For further information please contact the relevant VTC Director.

Do I receive any  certification at the end of the training period?
Yes, all training courses are to be certified by the Ministry, Public Service and Human Resources Development, Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS).

What opportunities are available to me after engaging in training at the  VTC?

Trainees are furnished with:

  •      Set of employable skills and the confidence to set up a successful business
  •      Access to incubation (business support) services at the VTCs to facilitate the set-up of business enterprise.
  •      Set-up for coaching and further EDP training /BDS at the VTCs on site.


Government of Southern Sudan

Government of Southern Sudan

University of Amsterdam

University of Amsterdam

Government of Netherlands

Government of Netherlands

Japan International Cooperation Agency

Japan International Cooperation Agency

Norwegian University Cooperation Programme for Capacity Development in Sudan

Norwegian University Cooperation Programme for Capacity Development in Sudan

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