Ecosystem management and sustainable fishery management
Everyone benefits from a multitude of resources and processes supplied by natural ecosystems. Collectively, these benefits are known as ecosystem services. While scientists and environmentalists have discussed ecosystem services for decades, these services were popularized and their definitions formalized by the United Nations 2004 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA). This grouped ecosystem services into four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and crop pollination; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits.
Ecosystem services valuation enables decision makers to link ecosystems and economic development by quantifying the benefits of these services in monetary terms. It assesses how changes to ecosystem services impact on human well-being. Such a tool can support improved decision making, guide institutional framework development, influence the allocation of resources and investments and raise awareness about the importance of the services on people’s lives.
UNIDO aims to maintain and enhance the capacity of local ecosystems to assimilate and treat municipal waste. Eco-remediation measures are applied to enhance the water quality of surface waterbodies.
|Contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals|