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UNIDO sees industry as a driver of sustainable development. An inspiring example of this is the role industry has played in achieving the ever more ambitious targets of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

This is where the journey of UNIDO’s Montreal Protocol Division began: with the global commitment to protect the Earth’s ozone layer. It all started in the 1970s, when scientists discovered that the ozone layer was under threat from a group of chemicals known as ozone depleting substances (ODS). ODS had become key components in major manufacturing sectors and global trade goods, including refrigerators, air conditioners, foam and aerosol sprays, fire extinguishers and pesticides. Recognising the vital role of these industrial sectors and their reliance on ODS, the international community understood that it would take decisive and global action to phase out these substances.

In 1990, the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (MLF) was established to support eligible countries in phasing out ODS. Since then, the Executive Committee of the MLF has approved 144 country programmes, 144 HCFC phase-out management plans and has funded the establishment and operation of National Ozone Offices in 145 eligible countries. UNIDO is one of four implementing agencies of the MLF and has received over USD 900 million since 1993 to implement projects in 111 countries.

" The ozone treaties stand out as inspiring examples that show that, where political will prevails, there is little limit to what we can achieve in common cause.”

- UN Secretary-General António Guterres

SecGen

Since 1993, UNIDO’s Montreal Protocol Division has worked hand-in-hand with industries, governments, and institutions to find sustainable alternatives to ODS and substitute each ton of ODS with a less harmful substance or a new process. Over time, the Montreal Protocol has evolved beyond ozone layer protection, in response to emerging environmental issues and their impact on human development. Following the adoption of the Kigali Amendment in 2016, the Montreal Protocol has advanced from ozone layer protection to climate action.

UNIDO’s Montreal Protocol Division designs, develops and implements sector-specific and national ODS phase-out plans, to help countries meet their compliance commitments under the Montreal Protocol. UNIDO works with governments to develop and enforce the policies and regulations needed to monitor ODS production and consumption. Working hand-in-hand with industries, UNIDO is also well positioned to help companies put these policies into action.

Over time, the work of our Montreal Protocol Division has become more ambitious, engaging a broad coalition of institutions, associations and development partners, in support of wider sustainable development goals. New initiatives to find resource-efficient solutions to ODS and other refrigerants with high global warming potential (GWP), in cooperation with the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) and the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program (K-CEP), build on global efforts to increase energy efficiency and protect the climate. By reducing greenhouse gas emissions, these initiatives also contribute towards the targets of the Paris Agreement on climate change. Our growing portfolio of cold chain projects and ODS waste management initiatives, in cooperation with the Global Environment Facility (GEF), respond to other pressing environmental problems, while mitigating further damage from ODS and high-GWP refrigerants. By this means, we continue to mitigate the environmental impacts of industry, to protect the terrestrial and marine ecosystems that are critical for human development.

Timeline

Timeline

  • Building back better: US$17.8m for UNIDO projects in support of ozone protection and climate action
    Building back better: US$17.8m for UNIDO projects in support of ozone protection and climate action

    VIENNA, 18 December 2020 - In the midst of the global pandemic, the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (MLF) has successfully organized two intersessional approval processes to ensure continued funding for developing count

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  • UNIDO celebrates World Refrigeration Day with partners
    UNIDO celebrates World Refrigeration Day with partners

    VIENNA, 26 June 2020 – On World Refrigeration Day 2020, the Montreal Protocol Division of UNIDO, in collaboration with the World Refrigeration Day Secretariat, organized an online webinar on the impact and importance of refrigeration.

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  • New UNIDO study helps manufacturers understand net benefits and costs of different energy-efficient refrigeration design options
    New UNIDO study helps manufacturers understand net benefits and costs of different energy-efficient refrigeration design options

    VIENNA, 22 June 2020  - The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has launched its latest guidance document supporting domestic and commercial refrigeration manufacturers seeking to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The project is funded by the

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  • Albania moves ahead with inclusive and sustainable industrial development
    Albania moves ahead with inclusive and sustainable industrial development

    VIENNA, 13 March 2020 – UNIDO and the Government of the Republic of Albania have agreed a comprehensive programmatic framework to achieve inclusive and sustainable industrial development over the next five years.

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  • Albania steps up fight against climate change
    Albania steps up fight against climate change

    TIRANA, 18 January 2019 – Albania has ratified the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. It will reduce use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), powerful greenhouse gases used mainly in refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment, which are thousands of times more harmful to the climate than CO2.

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  • UNIDO, Italy support small manufacturers in Iran to comply with global environmental agreements
    UNIDO, Italy support small manufacturers in Iran to comply with global environmental agreements

    TEHRAN, 20 November 2018 – The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and Iran’s National Ozone Unit (NOU) today organized a workshop in Tehran to formulate a technical and business strategy to support small manufacturers of refrigeration equipment and insulation material with th

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  • UNIDO catalyzes interministerial cooperation to assist young Afghan technicians dealing with climate friendly but flammable substances
    UNIDO catalyzes interministerial cooperation to assist young Afghan technicians dealing with climate friendly but flammable substances

    KABUL, 4 October 2018 – An important milestone has been reached today in a United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) project in Afghanistan focusing on the phase out of ozone-depleting substances – hydro-chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) – in the country, as two key stakeholders signed an a

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  • Climate-friendly supermarket refrigeration installed in Jordan
    Climate-friendly supermarket refrigeration installed in Jordan

    AMMAN, 27 February 2018 – One of the most advanced refrigeration systems for supermarkets using CO2 as refrigerant was inaugurated in Jordan today. The official ceremony to unveil the new refrigeration system took place today at the Al Salam supermarket in Amman in the presence of the Secretary-General of the Ministry of Environment, Ahmad Al Qatarneh, representing the Minister of Environment, Nayef Al Fayez.

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  • Greening industry to preserve our planet for future generations
    Greening industry to preserve our planet for future generations

    VIENNA, 8 November 2017 - With the UN Climate Change Conference (COP23) underway in Bonn, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is restating its support for the Paris Agreement as a crucial step towards achieving a greener, sustainable future. Industry is the single large

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  • Yemen’s Minister of Trade and Commerce holds “fruitful” discussions with Director General of UNIDO
    Yemen’s Minister of Trade and Commerce holds “fruitful” discussions with Director General of UNIDO

    VIENNA, 24 November 2017 – On the sidelines of the 7th Least Developed Countries (LDC) Ministerial Conference, hosted by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Mohammed Al-Maitami, Minister of Trade and Commerce of the Republic of Yemen, has met the UNIDO Director General, L

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