“The current unsustainable patterns of production and consumption must be changed in the interest of our future welfare and that of our descendants”
The global economy has adopted patterns of growth that are driving our consumption of materials and energy beyond the limits of what is available on our planet. Industry as a sector, designing and manufacturing goods that our economies consume, has a key responsibility for this. Many enterprises use more materials and energy than their production processes require. They continue to use obsolete and inefficient technologies and fail to adopt proper management systems. This is particularly true of SMEs and industry in developing countries, both a reflection and a cause of lower levels of development.
For MDG7, UNIDO’s response is to actively foster the flows of information, experience, expertise and equipment between countries that hold the key to transfers of technology for both climate change mitigation and adaptation: the adoption of renewable energy sources, as well as energy efficiency are key for addressing climate change through moving economies onto a lower carbon path.
UNIDO also implements the following activities that directly relate to MDG7:
• National Cleaner Production Centres
• Renewable Energy
• Industrial Energy Efficiency and Climate Change
• Energy Policy and Partnership
• Cleaner and Sustainable Production
• Water Management
• Montreal Protocol (see more information here)
• Stockholm Convention
Example of UNIDO project under MDG7:
Cleaner Production Centres
UNIDO and UNEP cooperate specifically to establish and support National Cleaner Production Centres (NCPCs) in developing and transition economies. Since 1994, such centres have been launched in 37 countries. The Centres work with private sector and government agencies in their home countries to implement Cleaner Production. The aim is to reduce the use of energy, water and other natural resources, while also reducing the generation of waste and emissions, in particular from small and medium sized enterprises. UNIDO, in the cooperation with UNEP, is the only UN organization established in developing countries with NCPCs and giving advice on the ground.
Example of successful initiative in Vietnam:
The National Cleaner Production Centres in Vietnam, established in cooperation with UNEP, has recently carried out several projects improving the usage of energy, water and materials and helping to create a cleaner environment. The programme fostered in its first 7 years of operation, investments worth some 2.4 million USD with annual savings in excess of 7.4 million USD. Collectively these save annually around:
• 57,000 MWh electricity
• 33,000 ton coal
• 7.3 million Cubic meters of water