Energy and environment
Energy has been a core work area of UNIDO for over 30 years, with its programmes addressing both the supply side (provision of energy for industry, use of renewable energy resources) and the demand side (improving industrial energy efficiency).
The environment activities of UNIDO aim at preventing industrial pollution and industrial waste from being created and managing residuals that may be created in an environmentally sound manner.
The still unreliable provision of power for productive use in the industrial and rural contexts can be singled out as one of the major problems for economic development in Tanzania. This problem is exacerbated, among others, by the still excessive dependence of Tanzania on hydro electrical power (HEP), accounting for 80% of total supply (2006). This makes Tanzanian economy even more vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change (e.g. droughts). The promotion of new technologies spreading the use of new sources of renewable energy can, at the same time, reduce the impact of farming and industrial activities upon the environment, increase productivity and economic growth, and render Tanzania less vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.
The aim of UNIDO is to help its clients solve three fundamental problems:
- Bridging the loop in the production process
- De-linking intensity of energy use from economic growth
- Reducing the environmental damages from the energy use
In both the energy and environment components of its programmes, UNIDO works closely with Governments and various international bodies, including the Global Environment Facility, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund.
In the energy sector, UNIDO is implementing several projects in Tanzania, including:
- Electricity and Fertilizer from Sisal- Biogas and Waste: the project is a good example of how cleaner technologies can significantly reduce environmental pollution and degradation of the ecosystems while providing surplus energy generation.
- Rural Micro-Hydropower Development: UNIDO and International Network on Small Hydro Power (INSHP) have teamed up with the Ministry of Energy and Minerals, TANESCO and TaTEDO to identify potential sites for the development of small and micro hydropower schemes. The efforts have, so far, resulted in the establishment of a 9 kW micro hydropower scheme.
In the environment sector, UNIDO implemented the following projects:
- Global Mercury project: the Global Mercury Project (GMP) assists communities along key trans-boundary rivers and lakes in assessing the pollution from current activities to reduce health hazards, introducing cleaner gold mining and extraction technologies, to minimize or eliminate mercury releases and develop the capacity and regulatory mechanisms that will enable the sector to minimize negative environmental aspects.
- Recycling Processing Centre Project – Dar es Salaam: in collaboration with the Ministry of Industry, Trade & Marketing, TIRDO and various stakeholders in the waste recycling sector, UNIDO has established a small demonstration centre for the recycling of plastic wastes situated within the premises of TIRDO.