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Policy Briefs

IID Policy Brief 11: Unlocking the industrial potential of African LDCs: Bridging the gap for sustainable development

2024  |  Author(s): N. Haraguchi & M. Sanfilippo

#Policy Brief

The industrialization gap between African and Asian LDCs has increased considerably in the last 20 years, with Asian LDCs’ MVA per capita growing threefold compared to that of African LDCs between 2000 and 2022. African LDCs’ weak institutions, low competitiveness and limited global integration hamper their untapped potential for industrial growth. Tailored industrial policies that prioritize infrastructure, clean technologies and youth employment can bridge this gap and help African LDCs achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

IID Policy Brief 10: Navigating challenges: Policy solutions for Ukrainian firms on the road to recovery

2024  |  Author(s): U. Korwatanasakul, N. Cantore, N. Haraguchi, S. Sicars, N. Takahashi, P. Sobolievskyi, A. Dligach

#Policy Brief

The armed conflict has had a profound impact on Ukraine’s economic landscape, leading to significant declines in both economic growth and industrial production. While existing government support addresses firms’ immediate needs, a notable gap is evident between the support being received by firms and the support they need. To bridge this policy gap and enhance financial resources and technological capabilities across all levels, government agencies must bolster coordination to mobilize and efficiently allocate fiscal resources for expanding support coverage.

IID Policy Brief 8: Industrial policy solutions for LDCs: How industrialization strengthens food security

2023  |  Author(s): A. Andreoni, A. Isaksson, F. Russo

#Policy Brief

Industrial policy has the potential of significantly reducing hunger in LDCs through
industrial policy interventions focused on 1) building productive capabilities; 2) shaping
agro-industry value chains, and 3) regulating and guiding markets.

IID Policy Brief 7: Diving into diversification How North African countries can boost economic ties with the EU

2023  |  Author(s): C. Altomonte, G. Presidente, N. Coniglio, D. Vurchio, C. Pasini, N. Cantore

#Policy Brief

Developed countries are witnessing a resurgence in industrial policy in response to the
‘poly-crisis’ caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, rapid digitalization, climate change and
escalating geopolitical tensions. The concept of ‘strategic autonomy’, i.e. reducing reliance
on key intermediate goods and raw material imports lies at the centre of industrial policy
in the European Union (EU). By analysing the trade patterns of industrial goods at
the product level and applying UNIDO’s DIVE  tool, coupled with a novel filtering procedure, we identify the challenges and opportunities for NACs under this new European policy framework while also offering evidence-based policy recommendations for the region’s governments.

IID Policy Brief 6: Who is at the forefront of the green technology frontier?

2023  |  Author(s): A. Lavopa and M. de las Mercedes Menéndez

#Policy Brief

The development of green technologies is a pre-condition for effectively addressing
climate change. Green technological change has accelerated in the last decade, pointing
to a potential new technological revolution around the green economy. This policy brief
explores who is driving this incipient revolution.

IID Policy Brief 5: Greening industrial development

2023  |  Author(s): G. Anzolin and A. Lebdioui

#Policy Brief

Climate change raises important questions for the sustainability of industrialization as a development model, a model that has allowed countries to prosper over the past two centuries. Industrial policy  is increasingly being recognized as a key ingredient of the transition to a low carbon future. Greener consumption is crucial if we are to achieve the sustainability goals.

IID Policy Brief 4: Aligning digital and industrial policy

2023  |  Author(s): C. Foster and S. Azmeh

#Policy Brief

Digital technologies are driving industrial transformation, with impacts across a range of
sectors of production. This includes potential shifts in the geography of global production
with implications for industrial development. Novel approaches to industrial policy are
necessary to embrace and take advantage of these changes.

IID Policy Brief 1: Global Industrial Policy: Measurement and Results

2023  |  Author(s): R. Juhász, N. Lane, E. Oehlsen and V. C. Pérez

#Policy Brief

Using a readily available source of mass data on commercial policies, we present insights into current industrial policy use around the world. Our findings suggest that industrial policy is on the rise globally, with rich countries leading the race in terms of its use.