UNIDO sees industry as a driver of sustainable development. An inspiring example of this is the role industry has played in achieving the ever more ambitious targets of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
This is where the journey of UNIDO’s Montreal Protocol Division began: with the global commitment to protect the Earth’s ozone layer. It all started in the 1970s, when scientists discovered that the ozone layer was under threat from a group of chemicals known as ozone depleting substances (ODS). ODS had become key components in major manufacturing sectors and global trade goods, including refrigerators, air conditioners, foam and aerosol sprays, fire extinguishers and pesticides. Recognising the vital role of these industrial sectors and their reliance on ODS, the international community understood that it would take decisive and global action to phase out these substances.
In 1990, the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (MLF) was established to support eligible countries in phasing out ODS. Since then, the Executive Committee of the MLF has approved 144 country programmes, 144 HCFC phase-out management plans and has funded the establishment and operation of National Ozone Offices in 145 eligible countries. UNIDO is one of four implementing agencies of the MLF and has received over USD 900 million since 1993 to implement projects in 111 countries.