The Círculo de Montevideo

  • The recent development in the global economy has changed the patterns dramatically on how industries operate and the new role in promoting sustainable development. Energy today is at the heart of every economic, environmental and developmental issue: the world needs clean, efficient and reliable energy services to meet its long-term needs for economic growth and development;

  • Developing countries need to expand their access to reliable and modern energy services to alleviate poverty and increase productivity, to enhance competitiveness and economic growth.

  • Confronted with the challenges caused by the climate change, there is a need to create new possibilities and mechanisms for enhancing productive activities in  countries by developing sound and secure assessment on LAC’s present  economic situation, industrial development and business opportunities;

  • At the Director-General’s initiative, UNIDO is holding regular national and regional consultations with high level authorities and former Heads of State with a view to enhancing UNIDO’s appreciation and understanding of the LAC region’s social and economic development needs and politics at large;

  • The President of CdeM, H. E. Julio Maria Sanguinetti, accepted the UNIDO Director-General, Mr. Kandeh Yumkella's, invitation to hold this year’s sessions in Vienna from 21 to 24 June 2011, at the time of the Vienna Energy Forum (VEF), Rio+20 events and the UNIDO IDB. This year UNDP joined hands to carry out this initiative;

  • CdeM has about 30 members: prominent personalities, some of them are current and former Presidents from top financial, development, social, national or international institutions. CdeM became a permanent forum for reflection among academics, policy makers, leaders of international agencies and global leaders in different areas, looking to meet, review and identify strategies, and means for promoting sustainable industrial development in the Latin American region and beyond;

  • Taking advantage of the presence of relevant personalities and looking to link energy and development issues as a theme of reflection, it is foreseen that some members of CdeM will attend VEF’s opening on 21 June and participate in the high level sessions in Vienna;

  • On 22 June, three CdeM members: Rebeca Grynspan, Associate Administrator of UNDP, H. E. Julio Maria Sanguinetti, former President of Uruguay and Enrique Iglesias, Secretary-General of the Ibero-American Cooperation Secretariat (SEGIB), participated in the Latin American Round Table, organized with the support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Austria in front of the diplomatic corps, business and private sectors in Austria. Subsequently, CdeM’s members were received and a reception was offered by the President of Austria;

  • CdeM members had their sessions in Vienna from 23 to 24 June. Part of the meetings and sessions were be attended by high level personalities, giving UNIDO a large visibility during this week’s events, aligned with VEF/Rio+20. CdeM meetings and sessions took place at the Hofburg; Enrique Iglesias, Rebeca Grynspan and José Antonio Ocampo, taking advatage of their presence in Vienna, have kindly also attended the UNIDO IDB's session on 22 and 23 June;

  • Through this initiative UNIDO is intending to continue through systematic high level consultations to identify means, elements and approaches that could be used for the development of economic strategies for energy and sustainable development in the region. It will also contribute towards improving our performance in joining efforts and even to transform Vienna as a main hub, allowing UNIDO to play a key role on energy and development.




Summary   - Indicative previous / current Post

Country - Residence

1.Belisario Betancur

Ex President of Colombia (1982-1986); Currently is the Vice-President of the Club of Rome for LAC, President of the Pan American Health Organization, and Member of the Club of Madrid.

Colombia/ Bogotá

2.Natalio Botana

Argentinean Political Scientist; was professor at the Universities Complutense, Oxford and Torcuato Di Tella, among others.  Author. Columnist at LA NACION.

Argentina/ Bs. As.

3. Michel Camdessus

Ex Director-General of the International Monetary Fund (1987-2000). Honorary Governor of the French National Bank. Ex Member of the Commission for Africa

France/ Paris

4. Fernando H. Cardoso

Ex President of the Federal Republic of Brazil (1995-2002). Lecturer at Brown University and at Sciences Po in Paris. Author.  Member of the Club of Madrid.


5. Felipe Gonzalez

Ex Prime Minister of Spain (1982-1996).  Member of the Club of Madrid.

Spain/ Madrid 

6. Enrique Iglesias

Ex President of the Inter-American Development Bank. Currently is Secretary-general of the Ibero-American Cooperation Secretariat (SEGIB)

Spain/ Madrid

7. Manuel F. Iribarne

Incumbent Senator for Galicia.  Ex President of the Xunta of Galicia. Ex Minister of the Interior

Spain/ Madrid

8. Helio Jaguaribe

Dean of the Political and Social Study Institute IEPES


9. Ricardo Lagos

Ex President of Chile (2000-2006). Teaching position at the Watson Institute for International Studies

Chile/ Santiago

10. Manuel Marín

Ex President of the Congress of Deputies (2004-2008). He was a long-time member of the European Commission.

Spain/ Madrid

11. Enrique Manhard

Businessman in Uruguay

Uruguay/ Montevideo

12. Jordi Pujol

Ex President of the Generalidad de Cataluña (1980-2003)

Spain/ Madrid

13. Julio M. Sanguinetti

Ex President of Uruguay (l985-l990, 1995-2000). President of the PAX Institute, member of the InterAcción Council and Circulo de Montevideo’s President.

Uruguay/ Montevideo

14. Alain Touraine

Social Scientist, Directeur d'études à l'EHESS

Paris/ France

15. Fernando Zumbado

Minister for Housing and Urban Development and  Rector of the Social Sector and Fight against Poverty (2006- present)

Costa Rica/ SJ

16. Oscar Arias

Ex-President of Costa Rica (2006-2010). He previously served as President from 1986 to 1990 and received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987. He is a member of Collegium International

Costa Rica/ San José

17. Leonel Fernández Reyna

President of  the Dominican Republic (2004-present) and between 1996 and 2000

Dominican Republic/SD

18. Alberto R. Gallardón

President of the Community of Madrid

Spain/ Madrid

19. Rebeca Grynspan

Ex- Vice-President of Costa Rica from 1994 to 1998. She served as Director of UNDP's Regional Bureau for Latin America and currently is USG and the Associate Administrator of UNDP.


20. Alejandro Bulgheroni

President of the Pan American Energy LLC, Executive Vice-President of the Bridas Corporation y Bridas Energy International Ltd.

Argentina/ B. As. 

21. Jose M. Insulza

Secretary of the Interior of Chile – and currently is the OAS’s  Secretary General - second mandate

USA/ Washington 

22. José Luis Machinea

The ninth Executive Secretary of CEPAL, Doctor of Economics of Minnesota University

Argentina/ B. As.

23. Carlos Magariños

Former UNIDO’s DG. Associate Member of Oxford University (St. Antony's College)

Argentina/ B.A.

24. William J. McDonough

Vice Chairman and Special Advisor to the Chairman at Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc., Chairman of the Investments Committee for the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund


25. Heraldo Muñoz

Assistant Secretary General, Assistant Administrator, and Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean of UNDP, former Chilean Ambassador to the United Nations


26. José A. Ocampo

Ex- Minister of Finance and Public Credit of Colombia... UN Under-Secretary General for DESA; Executive Secretary of the ECLAC. PhD of Economics of Yale  University

Colombia/ Bogotá

27. Martín Santiago

Resident Coordinator of the System of UNO in Argentina

Argentina/ Bs As.

28. Carlos Slim

Businessman in Mexico

Mexico/ Mexico City 

29. Alvaro Uribe

Ex-President of the Colombian Republic (2002-2010). Vice-chairman of the UN panel investigating the Gaza flotilla raid

Colombia/ Bogotá

30. Ernesto Zedillo

Ex-President of Mexico (1994-2000). Director of the Center for the Study of Globalization at Yale University.

USA/ New Haven


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