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The urgent push for sustainable global development hinges on the rapid shift to cleaner energy solutions reliant on critical minerals. While addressing climate change requires these minerals, mining's environmental and social impacts challenge sustainability principles. Balancing innovation in mining practices and post-mining stages is essential to meet future mineral needs while ensuring environmental stewardship and social equity. At the FMF 2023 Ministerial Roundtable, hosted by Saudi Arabia, UNIDO's Director General advocated for a global alliance to support sustainable critical minerals and responsible mining for an equitable energy transition, with endorsement from Saudi Arabia and Member States. UNIDO can play a pivotal role in fostering innovation partnerships and facilitating a safer, environmentally friendly mineral value chain, spanning upstream adoption of responsible green standards to downstream processing, material recovery, and re-use. This high-level panel discussion delves into responsible mining and downstream development, aiming to achieve a fair future centered around the mining sector. It explores the balance between economic imperatives and sustainability goals, emphasizing innovation in mining practices. Additionally, the discussion covers the adaptation of global standards to local contexts, the role of artisanal and small-scale mining, and the necessary policy shifts, offering insights into challenges, opportunities, and collective responsibility.

Discussion Points

  • How can countries scale-up production of critical minerals to meet demand for the material-intensive energy transition with affordable and sustainable green interventions?
  • How can we forge a synergy between economic growth from mining and the overarching sustainability and environmental objectives of the green transition? How can we create a win-win approach for the varied stakeholders of mineral value chains?


Calling for a global alliance to catalyze responsible mining and downstream development, aiming to achieve a fair future cantered around the mining sector.

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